Anatomy and Physiology - Week 1 Notes Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology - Week 1 Notes Part 2 VS 3014
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to VS 3014 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Sharon Grace in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology in Animal Science and Zoology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
Learning Objectives Musculoskeletal System - Part 2 Ch. 4 1. Define and/or locate: a) Suture: fibrous joints b) Dens: peg-like cranial projection of the axis c) Prefix i) “ante-“: before of infront of ii) “hemi-“: half d) Suffix i) “-itis”: inflamed e) Brachium: humorous or “arm” f) Antebrachium: forearm g) Scapulo-humeral joint: connects shoulder to elbow h) Bursa: small sac-like structure between structure and reduce friction i) Foramen (pl: foramina): hole j) Symphisis: cartilaginous joint which is bound together tightly but still has slight movement k) Contusion: a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured (a bruise) 2) Distinguish between the axial and appendicular skeleton and know the components of each. - Axial = skull, vertebral column, sternum, and ribs - Appendicular = Pectoral limb, pelvic limb, and bones of pelvis 3) Regarding the axial skeleton – skull: a) Name the 2 main parts of the mammalian skull 1. Cranial portion 2. Facial portion b) Name and identify the main bones of the facial part of the skull - Mandible - Maxilla - Nasal bones c) Name and identify the main bones of the cranial part of the skull - Frontal bones - Parietal bones - Temporal bones - Occipital bones 4) Regarding the axial skeleton – vertebral column: a) Name the sections of the vertebral column, cranial to caudal. - Cervical = Neck - Thoracic = Shoulder/Middle back - Lumbar = Lower back - Sacral = Head of tail - Caudal = Tail b) Name the first 2 cervical vertebra and be able to distinguish them by visual inspection - Atlas = transverse processes (wings) - Axis = ridge like dorsal spinous process 5) Regarding the appendicular skeleton – clavicle: a) Name 2 domestic species which have a bony clavicle - Cats and birds 6) Regarding the appendicular skeleton: a) Identify and name the major bones of the thoracic and pelvic limbs, including species variations (as assigned) - Thoracic = clavicle (cats and birds), scapula, humorous, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, digits - Pelvic limbs = femur, tibia, fibula, tarsus, metatarsus, digits 7) Regarding the appendicular skeleton – pelvis: a) Identify and name the 3 bones which make up the pelvis 1. Ilium 2. Ischium 3. Pubis CLINICAL APPLICATIONS 8) In basic terms, explain the condition of “olecranon bursitis” as it occurs in horses and give 2 layman’s terms. - Condition = Formation of fluid pocket over the olecranon. - 2 layman’s terms = “capped elbow”/”shoe boil” 9) Discuss briefly the cause of obturator paralysis in the bovine species. - The obturator nerve is damaged during calving, causing pressure of the nerve against the ilium. Causing the cow the inability to adduct the pelvic limbs. This can cause the cow to fall on slippery floors and may luxate (dislocate) the hip.
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