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French Realism and Romanticism

by: Ana Wistos

French Realism and Romanticism Art History 6C

Ana Wistos

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About this Document

Romanticism in art
Modern-Contemporary Art
Professor Monahan
Class Notes
Romanticism, Art History
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ana Wistos on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art History 6C at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Professor Monahan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Modern-Contemporary Art in Art History at University of California Santa Barbara.


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Date Created: 04/18/16
Thursday, April 14, 2016 Art History▯ Romanticism and Realism - Romanticism▯ • non-consistent style▯ emphasis on individual interpretation and it critiques conventions▯ • • follows after rational ‘excesses’ of the French Revolution▯ • shifts from empiricism to intuition as a source of knowledge▯ sublime can be seen in nature▯ • - Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830▯ • messenger boy and lots of people with top hats and there are dead national guardsmen on the ground▯ constitutional monarchy ▯ • - bourgeoisie- 19th century▯ • middle and upper class▯ group that owns means of product and bulk of the wealth▯ • • do depend on workers for wealth ▯ • haute bourgeoisie: wealth banks, industrialists▯ - families who’ve had money ▯ • petite bourgeoisie: skilled workers, clergy, shopkeepers▯ • set codes of behavior▯ old money is better than new money ▯ • - 1848= revolutions all over Europe ▯ • King Louis-Philippe started to dismantle the constitution and he's the “citizen’s king”▯ made a deal with bourgeoisie to keep workers in place▯ • - Winterhalter, Louis-Philippe, 1841▯ • he’s holding the constitution and is trying to keep in the middle ▯ lots of bold colors▯ • • in the middle because he is a fair ruler ▯ 1 Thursday, April 14, 2016 - lithography▯ • popular and immediate technique of printing▯ • draw on the stone and it was used a lot in the press. ▯ - Daumier, Rue Transnonain, 1834▯ • riots because of anti-trade laws▯ guard goes in and shoots and kills 11 people, all women, children, elderly▯ • • it was not censored and the gov’t tried to get copies of art ▯ - in 1848 the workers overthrow gov’t in Paris▯ • marked by poor harvest and rescission▯ • literacy is at 50% and newspapers and telegraphs are everywhere▯ • Marx’s Communist Manifesto ▯ • had workshops to train people to get back to the workforce ▯ - Gustave Courbet, After Dinner at Ornans, 1848-9▯ • people are nervous and the area of Ornans is a tough situation, not the best▯ • people are petit bourgeoisie and they are conservative▯ in the middle someone is turning his back to you ▯ • • its a genre painting ▯ • Realism is with a capital and Gustave Courbet is the self appointed spokes person ▯ - Gustave Courbet, Stonebreakers, 1849▯ • these workers are really poor because their clothes are torn and dirty▯ • they have to work really hard and they get like no money▯ • scrony old guy and a younger worker, but you have this job for life▯ • Courbet crams them into this space, loaded picture▯ • rough landscape and its a rough terrain and the little bit of blue is not hope ▯ • most complete expression of wretchedness ▯ - Gustave Courbet, Peasants of Flagey Returning from the Fair, 1850-5▯ • the peasant didn't sell his pig and the pig is skinny and the cows look weird▯ • women have baskets and there is a bizarre man, leaves a sketch of a basket▯ not about abundance and these peasants don't rally fit into the picture its awkward▯ • 2 Thursday, April 14, 2016 - Gustave Courbet, Burial at Ornans, 1849▯ • most problematic painting▯ • this picture is a political time bomb▯ • everyone is lined up and some people aren't even crying or doing something else▯ • its just a mess people are doing all sorts of different things 3


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