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Psych 1000 Chapter 16

by: Marie Markoff

Psych 1000 Chapter 16 PSYC 1010

Marketplace > Tulane University > Psychlogy > PSYC 1010 > Psych 1000 Chapter 16
Marie Markoff

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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 16 as discussed on 4/18
Introductory Psychology
Melinda Cannon
Class Notes
Psychology, 1000, tulane
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marie Markoff on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1010 at Tulane University taught by Melinda Cannon in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 04/18/16
Chapter 16 ­ Treatment and Therapy      Current forms of therapy:   Psychotherapy   ● Therapy using psychological techniques   Biomedical therapy   ● Use of medicine, surgery, treatment   Combining therapies ­ an eclectic approach     Psychoanalysis   ● Freud   ● Refers to a set of techniques for releasing the tension of repression and resolving  unconscious inner conflicts   ● Techniques:   ○ Free association   ○ Interpretation    Psychodynamic therapy   ● Discover themes across important relationships   ● Focus is improved self awareness and insight into unconscious thoughts and feelings  which may be rooted in past relationships   ● “Talk” therapy   Interpersonal therapy   ● A further extension of psychotherapy   ● Less focused on insight and past experiences   ● Improve relationship skills   ● “Talk” therapy    Humanistic Therapy   ● Emphasizes the human potential for growth   ● Attempts to boost self­fulfillment by helping people gain self awareness and self  acceptance   ● Client centered therapy   ● The therapist should exhibit empathy and unconditional positive regard and should listen  without judging   Behavior therapy   ● Sometimes insight and self awareness do not reduce symptoms   ● Behavior therapy uses the principles of learning, especially classical and operant  conditioning   ● Maladaptive symptoms   ○ Learned behaviors that can be replaced by adaptive behaviors    Classical conditioning techniques   ● Counterconditioning   ○ Refers to linking new, positive responses to previously aversive stimuli    Exposure therapy (type of counterconditioning)    ● Avoidance of the feared situation worsens a conditioned fear   ○ Avoidance is reinforced because it quickly reduces anxiety   ○ Guided exposure to the feared situation eliminates avoidance    ● Systematic desensitization   ○ Construct a hierarchy of anxiety­triggering situations    ○ Gradually increase the exposure intensity while using relaxation techniques   ● Virtual reality therapy   ○ Fear of flying: fly simulator    ● Aversive conditioning   ○ When a person has been conditioned to have a positive association with a drug   ○ Aversive conditioning can associate the drug with a negative response   ○ Ie if you want someone to stop drinking alcohol, put nausea inducing drugs in  their drink    ● Operant conditioning therapy   ○ Behaviors are influenced by their consequences   ○ Reward desired behaviors   ○ Withhold reinforcement for undesired behaviors   ○ Select appropriate reward   ○ Token economy​ : sticker chart, cards that can be exchanged for candy             


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