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Anatomy and Physiology

by: Rachel Notetaker

Anatomy and Physiology VS 3014

Rachel Notetaker
GPA 2.5

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The material you are responsible for includes, but is not limited to the following.
Anatomy and Physiology
Dr. Sharon Grace
Class Notes
Joint, anatomy, and, Physiology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to VS 3014 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Sharon Grace in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology in Animal Science and Zoology at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 04/18/16
Learning Objectives Joint Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 6 1) Define and/or locate: a. “-ectomy” (e.g., menisectomy): to remove b. Arthrology: the study of articulations between bones (study of joints) c. Avascular: without blood d. Meniscus: in the stifle, they are the 2 c-shaped disc of cartilage between the femur and tibia e. Cranial and caudal cruciate ligaments: structures for stabilizing and constraining stifle motion f. Effusion: an accumulation of a joint g. Luxation: complete dislocation of a joint h. Nuchal ligament: connected at base of skull to the base of the neck 2) Name the embryonal layer which gives rise to connective tissue - Mesodermal Layer 3) Name the primary cell of cartilage/cartilaginous connective tissue - Chondrocyte 4) In general terms, compare the blood supply of cartilage to that of bone - Cartilage: no blood vessels, chondrocytes are supplied by diffusion - Bone: epiphyseal artery, periosteal arteries, nutrient artery, and metaphyseal arteries. 5) Name the 2 types of joints based upon number of bones in the joints 1. Simple joint: 2 articulating bones 2. Compound joint: more than 2 articulation joints 6) Name, discuss, and give examples of the 3 types of joints as classified based on uniting material 1. Fibrous: united by cartilage 2. Cartilaginous: united by a joint capsule 3. Synovial: united by a joint capsule 7) Distinguish between the attachments of tendons and ligaments - Tendons: attach muscle to bone - Ligaments: are connective tissue that attach bone to bone 8) Distinguish between intracapsular and extracapsular ligaments of a synovial joint - Intracapsular: within the joint capsule - Extracapsular: outside the joint capsule 9) Name the location of a meniscus and the cruciate ligaments and give their purpose - Meniscus: distributes compressive stress during weight bearing - Cruciate: stabilizes and constrains stifle movement 10) Name the locations and general purpose of a bursa - Location: in between the skin and the patella - Purpose: reduces friction 11) Discuss the properties and function of synovial fluid and the structures which produces it - Properties: fibrous CT layer, delicate inner layer  synovial membrane - Function: lubrication of joints 12) Distinguish among the types of movements possible with synovial joints - Flexion, extension, hyperextension, adduction, abduction, rotation, circumduction, pronation, and supination 13) Give an example of the pathological process involving a synovial joint - Luxation


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