SOC 2010 Health and Illness Notes
SOC 2010 Health and Illness Notes Soc 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
Chapter 14: Health and Illness Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Health Impacts a person’s ability to access better healthcare Both preventative and curative More wealth usually increases life expectancy and quality of life Minorities more likely to be poor so likely to have less access Food Desert No access to stores that offer healthy foods Good diet is an important method of preventative medicine Mostly located in urban and rural areas People without access shop at gas stations, convenience stores, fast food More expensive than at grocery stores, 30%-60% markup Processed foods that are bad in large quantities Leads to diet related health issues (obesity, diabetes, heart disease) VIDEO: “Hungry for Health” Food desert in Cleveland, OH Different Meanings of Access Nearby supermarkets aren’t available Lack of financial access even if there were supermarkets Lack of time to get to the supermarket when they’re far away Availability vs. Individual Choice Social Construction of Health and Medicine Medicalization: personal problems are redefined as medical issues Profits that come from medicalization Epidemic: when a significantly higher number of cases of a disease occurs within a population Government Intervention FDA protects and promotes public health NYC mayor Michael Bloomberg Banned smoking in 2002 (restaurants) and 2011 (public places) Cleaner air taxis (hybrids) Restaurants had to post calorie counts to combat obesity in 2004 Brand Imprinting: create memories for a lifetime and create brand loyalty Health Care Reform Need to provide better, affordable healthcare to all people th 37 in the world in healthcare level and distribution of health responsiveness of service (quality and speed) cost One of least developed healthcare systems in developed world Spend more per capita but still get poor outcomes Affordable Care Act (2010) Single largest healthcare overhaul since introduction of Medicare and Medicaid Expands coverage Children stay on parents’ coverage until age 26 Businesses with 50+ employees must offer insurance Expands Medicaid Corrects worst abuses of insurance companies Cover essentials Eliminates pre-existing condition clause No spending caps Eliminates rescission policies (canceling policy after someone gets sick) Can’t raise rates after you get sick