Week 6 Notes - Music 121
Week 6 Notes - Music 121 MUS121
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Patterson on Monday February 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUS121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Allison Kelsey in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see MUS 121 – 005 Introduction to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/16/15
Music 121 Week 6 21215 Classical Vocal Music As in the baroque era vocal music remained an important and popular genre Haydn was the most famous composer of masses and oratorio in the Classical era 0 The Creationquot is arguably Hayden s most well known oratorio Dealt with the creation of the world Opera was still very popular 0 Italian style opera with a serious subject Italian opera with a humorous subject 0 German opera very different than Italian opera Operas were based on plays and divided in the same way 0 Elarge sections 24 acts per opera 0 smaller sections within an act Mozart was the most famous writer of operas in the Classical era 0 Classical Instrumental Music Was a reaction to the Baroque style especially the music of JS Bach 0 Was homophonic instead of polyphonic o Successive contrasting melodies rather than the expansion of one melody 0 Clear sections with clear divisions 0 Continued to use majorminor tonal system Classical Sonata 0 Either 3 or 4 movements 0 Most commonly fastslowfast fastslowmoderatefast if 4 movements long 0 Oitional Introduction 0 Introduces the two themes 0 First is in the key of the movement 0 Second is in a different key 0 connecting material that serves to modulate from the first to the second key 0 Lots of modulation Takes the original themes and develops them 0 Sometimes the themes are broken up into motives short themes or parts of themes 0 Restatement of the entire exposition Music 121 Week 6 21215 The second theme does not modulate If there is cadenza this is usually where it appears 0 There may also be a short section of new closing material Other Classical Instrumental Music Forms 0 Statement of main theme or melody followed by a series of varied versions of that same melody Always in triple meter 3 beats per measure ABA form Minuet Trio Minuet Styled after the dance The minuet is sometimes replaced with a faster scherzo section 0000 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 17561791 0 Born and raised in Germany 0 Was a child prodigy on keyboard 0 Wrote his first composition at age 5 0 Was touring by the time he was 6 0 Also played the violin and organ 0 Was employed by the Archbishop of Salzburg as concertmaster of his orchestra but wasn t happy and quit and moved to Vienna Austria 0 Was not good with money and ended up dying a pauper at age of 35 buried in an unmarked grave in a cemetery for the poor Wrote for a wide variety of genres symphonies concertos string quartets sonatas chamber music vocal music most notably opera Classical Symphony 0 Classical era orchestras were much larger than their Baroque counterparts especially the wind sections 0 Classical symphonies are often constructed in multimovement sonata form but not always Ludwig van Beethoven 17701827 0 Born in Bonn Germany 0 Although he played the piano and violin he was not a child prodigy like Haydn and Mozart 1792 went to Vienna to study with Haydn amp stayed there 0 Beethoven never had a patron Music 121 Week 6 21215 0 Relied on small stipends and loans from friends and admirers and the sale of his music to make a living 0 Went deaf at the height of his career 0 Three Creative Periods 0 First Period until 1802 Writing in the classical style that of Haydn and Mozart 0 Second Period Most productive and happiest 7 symphonies Fidelio 0 Third Period Was goinghad become deaf Developed many of the musical ideas that would usher in the Romantic era 0 How did LvB change the Symphonic Genre 0 Lengthened the symphony Longer developments and codas o Enlarged the orchestra Added more string players Added more winds 0 Piccolo contrabassoon trumpets standard trombones How an orchestral piece is voiced is called orchestration 0 Cyclic Form All movements had a common thread usually through a recurring theme or idea
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