Types of Crime
Types of Crime CJ 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Monday February 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 240 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/16/15
Types of Crime Visible Crime 0 quotstreet crime o It is the majority of crimes that law enforcement resources work against 0 3 categories of visible crime 0 Violent crimes 0 Property crimes 0 Public order crimes Visible Crime Violent Crimes quotresults in physical injury or death Element of force is involved Most offenders of violent crimes know the victim they attackharm Uniform Crime Report UCR o 4 categories of Violent Crimes I Murder and nonnegligent voluntary manslaughter I Forceful rape I Robbery I Aggravated assault and battery 1 Murder and Nonnegligent voluntary manslaughter a quotwillful nonnegligible killing of one human being by another i INTENT is present b First degree murder i Premeditated intentional killing 1 Forethought is given to the action of killing someone ii Felony murder 1 Type of murder scenario where someone kills another person while carrying out a felony crime but they had no intention of killing someone a Ex killing during a bank robbery c Second degree murder i Unplanned killing of another 1 Death was a possibility due to distinct reckless actions a The action carried out was on purpose but the resulting death was not intended b Ex burn down a house you thought was empty but someone was inside and heshe dies c Ex you aim to shoot person A but end up hitting and killing person 3 d Voluntary Manslaughter i Intentional killing of a person but the perpetrator had no prior intent to kill 1 No premeditation 2 quotheat of the moment killing a Ex you find your partner cheating on you and out of rage you kill your partner ii Involuntary manslaughter killing wo intent usually accidental killings 2 Forceful Rape a quotcarnal bodily knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will i Update on the above definition 1 Now includes males 2 Now forcibly can also mean drugsalcohol unconsciousness disabled 3 Robbery a quottaking or attempting to take anything of value from the care custody or control of a person or persons by force or threat of forceviolence andor by instilling in the victim a sense of fear b Needs to have the presence of force against the victim to qualify as robbery c NOT the same as burglary will explain later on 4 Aggravated Assault and battery a quotunlawful attack by a person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury b Assault threat of force battery physical attack i Ex person A punches and knocks out person 3 1 In this scenario when person A cocked back his hand for the punch that constituted a threat and would the assault part of the situation When person As hand actually hit person 3 that would be the battery part of the situation Visible Crime Property Crime 0 quotthefttype of offense where the object is the taking of money or property BUT no force or threat of forceviolence against the victim o 4 categories of property crimes 0 Burglary o Larcenytheft 0 Motor vehicle theft 0 Arson 1 Burglary a quotunlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft structure house etc b To classify as a burglary force doesn t have to be used i Ex entry into an unlocked home burglary c you can be charged wboth burglary and robbery if you unlawfully enter a structure and then use force against or instill fear in the victims to take property 2 LarcenyTheft a quotunlawful taking carrying leading or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another b Objects are NOT taken by forceviolence c Ex theft of bikes shoplifting stealing of property 3 Motor Vehicle Theft a Selfexplanatory 4 Arson a quotany willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn w or wo intent to defraud a dwelling house public building motor vehicle or aircraft personal property of another etc b Defraud insurance fraud gt gain improper payment from an insurer Visible Crime Public Order Crimes 0 quotacts that threaten the general wellbeing of society and challenge accepted moral principles 0 Ex public drunkenness disorderly conduct vandalism 0 Need to be concerned wpublic order crime bc not taking action against them would allow them to progress to larger crimes 0 Unconcern for public order crimes minor offenses will lead to more serious crime
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