Chapter 10 Notes-Human Development
Chapter 10 Notes-Human Development
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Date Created: 04/12/14
1amp113201 3 Human development Concep on Sperm penet rates an ova Zygote Complete set of genetic insmtru cticms 23 sets of chromosomes lt50 3 of zygotes survive l1 l 32013 Prenatal development Germinal period zygote first 14 days Zygote implants quotday 10 Embryonic period 3rd through 8th weeks l v Fetal period 9th week through birth Fetus is born week 3640 Prenatal behavior Neurons are present not yet wellconnected Myelination begins Prenatal reflexes build neurall connlectlons Reflexes 0 Facial expressions Flelspunse to sound and light Physical deveiopment diuriing infancy Brain deveiopment Neurai cunniections Motor dieveIiopment Reflexes innate behaviors Sucking Crying 9 Palmer Stepping More complex rnotcar behaviors idevelep out of initial ireiflexes Cognitive deveilopmenat Thiniking remembering amp intelliectuiail capacity Based on experience Schemas Assimilation Accommodation 1 1132013 111 32201 3 Cognitive development 39 Piaget39s theory of cognitive deve ovpment Sensorimotor stage B2 years 1Preoperattional stage 2 6 years Conrzrete operational stage t quot6 12 years Formal operational stage 12 vearsadult Postformat stage Seen in some adults Cognitive development Sensovrimotor stage I Object permanenne some abstract thought Cognitive clevelfopment aPreoperationa stage Representati ona thought Imagination Lacks logical thought Conservation Obstacles to logical thought Egocerltrism Centration Static reasoning irreversibility Theow of Mind Cognitive development Concrete operational stage Logical principles develop 39 Classification identity ReversilJiity 39 Lacks hypothetical thought 111 32013 Cognitive development Formal operational stage Abstract reasoning abilities develop Hypothetical contemplation it Analytical logic combined with prior intuitive abilities Together support adolescent ideallsi and passions Adlolescent thought patterns focus on social awareness What I am thinlcing Egocentric thought What others are thinking Imaginary audience ideal situations Cognitive dervrelopment Postformal thought Thinking becomes more 0 Practical Flexible Dia lettilcaI 11 l 3l201 3 Social development k ii l 5 39 391quot391v 0 I Devel opment of bonds K V Bodily contact and tactile comfort lam E 9 J391 i lltxl 1 HM M A tcal n P9 lum ltf K1 L5llll it J l T l ll 1 h ii if 2 zrquot iiquot l quot p lt 1l V 4 53917 l H Attachment I 0 A i vi I e 39 iquot at 39 v39 quot5 L 4 quotquot u U l m ii 0 l l P Q lit 391 rrlffo 1Lu l jft quot l f lquotll5 EklllcLt lli 1 H u l I t n J 1 ll l p t b 393 I k r E A 0 Social development Development of bonds A Familiarity 0390 Y C3ld Lorenz39s imprinting studieg k Critticallieriicldl WWquot quotquot 39 Tl l39 e vii Ll ll fiquotl l r C vquotivl Human bolndins wquoti quotVL quot IH Nrra dV l quoti39 H IL a l 39 391 l v w 39 39 E z 39uquotlr39 M 1 LLL r p4 T 339 Ml 5A39394 391 J l f lltl ltIJll Wquot 39 T l 39 ll fl 639 l H Iquot av 4 it qvx all5 Cfv ll ll quot 4 tr 11132013 W Social development 1 l 39 l 4 at G p 9 irlie AE p Yr U pS 1 P W z 1 X M 315 quot l r w as 0 Z l Z6 E M la M F F U lt jlquotl 39lll39 g E t7l39r 537 Ti 7 5 B llquot Attachment styles i Secure attachment ll Amhivalent attachment B P 3 0 D Avoldant attachment 3 quot D L jf B F Disorrganized attachment PM D D quot3Lf llQ we IE E t A D r l llquot1 32013 D ll lI p P Q D paC h l W K T Wl Er lllll l w A 33quot J J l V 2 ng ll A A1 lt r lea Zrw til 9 Physical development during adolescence Onset of puberty Gap loetween physicals maturity andV39inldepen dehte 39 ll 74 I gt l 39 4 L V 39 Release of hormones from hypothalamus initiates sexual px gJ l 2 M mam ration can 2 l e ll 4 y J NG I H 1 quot lllg s Jr lquot39 PI p Primary SEX 5trU39CtUre5 0J av I a v Secondary slexstructures W5 3 I rt M l 6 r5 pnltl 1 X 4 K l 39 5 l l I lw LquotlnE V E I a5a E fN 39H 0 6 P M 4 0hG l P I7 W rc l 1 5 lm lquotWquotquotquot2 r r among individ ulals 55wg am My lay developers F ym 1 nN Equotl a an vl 5s Late developer l xi I I 5 ill 39 4 7 T T F ll7 uquotll1l 5 gN Er 1 Y r 391 P 0X4 05 39 l l 4 fl L way so ls J l W1 a les V P A P V Mr i r I A 1l1l132013 Social development during adolescence I Relationships during adolescence Parents Conflict Support Peers Critical to psychosocial develiopment Romantic partners Attraction begins with puberty Contributes tn identity development Physical and cognitive development during adu hodd l Physical perforlmalnce peaks and declines Motor abilities Sensory abilities Neural processing slows Cognitive abilities diminish with age Fluid vs crystallized intelligence 10 Social dievelopmeht ciurihg adulthood quot34 healthy adult is one who can love and work Freud Adulthood is chzaraictesriized by commitments vtove Adults need intimacy in the form of close friendships and romantic relationships Generativity 0 Adiuits fuiifiil the need to be meaningfully productive through A Work Parenthood 111 31201 3 14 1