La Belle Époque
La Belle Époque ARHI 2400
Popular in History of Art Survey, Part II
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessika Song on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2400 at University of Georgia taught by Beth Fadeley in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey, Part II in Art History at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
.C▯$GNNG▯RQSWG La Belle Époque La Belle Époque, 1890-1914 - Artists began to create a world of their own - Montmartre and Café in Montparnasse were associated with cafe culture as well as bars and nightlife. - Department stores were created in Paris during the late 19th century — a statement of the power of Paris to attract and control everything you could imagine. Department stores were a symbol of French imperialism and consumption. - The World’s Fair / Universal Exposition began in London for the ﬁrst time as a statement that England was an empire capable of uniting disparate colonies and able to control/regulate the world. - The 1899 Exposition introduced the Eiffel Tower, initially meant to be temporary, but inevitable became a symbol of France. - The Second Industrial Revolution occurred in the late 19th century, which introduced planes, subways, bicycles, and automobiles. This is also when women began wearing pants to make riding bikes easier. - The Lumiere Brothers made the ﬁrst movie ever - Georgie Méliès began editing ﬁlms and made the ﬁrst science ﬁction ﬁlm ever, emphasizing the dreamlike and the wonderful (“A Trip to the Moon,” 1902). - Sigmund Freud’s “The Interpretation of Dreams,” 1900, introduced people to the world of the unconscious experience. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) - Born into aristocratic family, but was self-exiled from high society because of genetic defects that stunted his growth. Separated himself from aristocracy and adopted an alternate world of his own — Parisian night life (demimonde). - Closest to Impressionists in many ways and shared the Impressionists’ interest in capturing the sensibility of modern life. HIs work, however, has an added satirical edge to it and is closely associated with lithography and poster making; also known for his use of color. At the Moulin Rouge - Was known for the posters he would make for the Moulin Rouge plastered around the city. - This painting reveals the inﬂuence of Degas, Japanese prints, and photography, thus the oblique as well as asymmetrical composition, artiﬁcial light, mask like faces, and use of dissonant colors. - Electric lighting was used to illuminate the cabarets and nightlife, hence the grotesque quality of the woman’s face. - Unusual rendering of space and use of balustrade to create a sense of alienation and separation. - The tilted perspective gives the viewer a sense of a tilted world, or what it’s like to be drunk. - Scenes of his work were already familiar to viewers in the work of the Impressionists, but he so emphasized or exaggerated each element that the tone is new. Symbolism: a late 19th century movement based on the idea that the artist was not an imitator of nature but a creator who transformed the facts of nature into a symbol of the inner experience of that fact. Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (1824-1898) - Never fully identiﬁed himself with the Symbolists, but rejected Realism and Impressionism — cared nothing about what is seen, but rather interested in alternate universes where dreams/ imaginations take shape. - The Symbolists revered Puvis for his vindication of imagination and his independence from the capitalist world of materialism and the machine. Sacred Grove - Made use of classical tradition — statuesque ﬁgures in a tranquil pastoral landscapes as well as a classical shrine. - The conservative French Academy and the government applauded his classicism. Henri Rousseau (1844-1910) - Rousseau was a “primitive” without leaving Paris — a self-taught amateur who turned to painting full-time only after his retirement from service in the French government. - Received almost universally unfavorable reviews because of his lack of formal training, imperfect perspective, doll-like ﬁgures, and unnatural settings. - Viewed as a naive artist, but made up for it in his talent for design and exotic imagination. - Rousseau was greatly admired by Pablo Picasso and his art of drama and fantasy later came to inﬂuence the development of Surrealism. Sleeping Gypsy - Rousseau depicted a doll-like but menacing lion snifﬁng at a dreaming ﬁgure in a mysterious landscape. - This painting suggest the vulnerable subconscious during sleep — a subject of central importance to Rousseau’s contemporary, Sigmund Freud.