EN 216 Week 13 Notes
EN 216 Week 13 Notes EN 216
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rhiannon Hein on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EN 216 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Abraham Smith in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Honors English Literature II in Foreign Language at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
James Joyce Notes I. James Joyce a. The quintessential modern writer b. Ulysses stands as the seminal work for modern writing. II. “The Dead” a. Moral of the story: i. He’s all puffed up and then he figures out that she has another love and he’s completely destroyed. ii. It’s about bringing him back down, demolishing him after he’s quite sure he’s the center of her universe. b. Fight with Molly i. Do they have a flirtation going on? 1. She prods and pokes fun at him. ii. This fight helps to explain what kind of guy Gabriel is. 1. Is he a passionless man? 2. He’s definitely a sensitive man. 3. he’s at his best when he’s doing what he has to do every year. a. He gives the same speech every year. b. He ritualizes what he has to do every year. c. He cuts up the goose every year. d. People like him most perhaps because he offers consistency. 4. This man is extremely concerned with other opinions. a. He wants to be better than others, but he doesn’t want people to know he’s better than them. b. he decides to get back at Molly even though she’s not even there. c. Perhaps Molly’s teasing affects him so much because he feels the need to prove himself. d. He wears golashes because everyone else is wearing them. c. Perhaps Gabriel tries to be a good person, but struggles with thinking rude things about his family. d. There is a conflict between the image he wants to uphold and his stream of consciousness. e. What’s going on with Gabriel in those final moments? i. Perhaps Gabriel realizes that his love for his wife isn’t nearly as much as this man’s love for her. ii. He also realizes that he will never be loved by his wife the way she loved Michael Furey. iii. Did Michael Furey “get” him? 1. He’s reduced from this proud, elitist man because Michael Furey actually lived for something. 2. Gabriel’s lack of complete conviction, when contrasted with Michael’s, demonstrates that he lives life going through the motions f. Is Michael a Furey? i. a ghoul of the underworld who will come up and seek vengeance upon those who are insincere in their lives. 1. Also known as a “fury” ii. If this is the case, it means that Gabriel doesn’t live his life sincerely. Perhaps he wants to live a passionate life but can’t, or he fools himself into thinking he does. g. Michael’s pity i. Is it pity for her or for himself? He says it’s for her, he doesn’t even want to interfere. ii. She has become not his wife with the news. Yeats Notes I. “Leda and the Swan” a. Generations of students have been made comfortable by it. b. There’s opposition between the extremely strong, forceful words and the weak, powerless girl. c. “Possessed” means to be raped. i. In Sunday School, no one talks about God raping Mary, but that’s what that verb means. d. The girl, Leda, lacks agency completely and utterly. II. “Sailing to Byzantium” a. “that is no country for old men” i. What is? Everywhere! ii. This is not a place for old people. b. Where do you learn to appreciate art? i. How can you live eternally through a moment? c. He’s asking where do you get to live, how do you live inside the divine imaginative inscape of the self? i. Especially as you move along through your mortal trajectory. 1. How do you balance the material with the immaterial? d. He praises the spiritual over the human body. i. The human body decays and breaks down with age. ii. The spirit is trapped within the human body. III. “Easter, 1916” a. “A terrible beauty is born” i. Is Irish nationalism the terrible beauty? 1. He names all of these people that were executed, it was the unification that was beautiful, the consequence terrible. ii. Perhaps it’s the beauty of dying for a cause. 1. Those who die for a cause are heroes, they died to make a positive change. b. Perhaps the terrible beauty is death i. Death can be beautiful, there is at least peace in it. c. “We know their dream; enough/to know they dreamed and are dead” i. Their dream got them killed. d. What is the purpose of an elegy? i. To conquer death with words. 1. It’s the poetry that acknowledges death and drags it into the light. If we acknowledge death, can we defeat it? ii. Is Easter, 1916 an elegy? Perhaps. e. These people had a cause, and they laid down their lives for it, but “and what if excess of love/bewildered them till they died” i. Yeats was perhaps critical of the self sacrifice involved with Irish nationalism. ii. Was it too much? Do you even know what you’re lying your life down for?