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week 4 notes

by: Brooke Schmidt

week 4 notes ANTH 120 001

Brooke Schmidt

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About this Document

Prehistoric Archaeology
christopher milan
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Prehistoric Archaeology

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Schmidt on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 120 001 at DePaul University taught by christopher milan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Prehistoric Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at DePaul University.


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Date Created: 04/19/16
Why excavate -Investigate a single site in detail  How long a site was occupied  Different activities at a site -Anthropological questions we can ask  Day to day life in the past  How a society was organized -How  Survey; remote sensing  Previous research -Research questions  General questions  Site specific questions -First steps  Mapping the site  Defining its limits  Creating sectors  What’s on the surface? -Large units  At least 4 m² but bigger  Trenches  Advantages: better exposure of contexts; can dig deeper  Disadvantages: More time consuming; focus on smaller part of site -Test Pits  Smaller units (usually 2 x 2 m or smaller)  Advantages: spread out over more site; faster to dig; better for random sampling  Disadvantages: Limited view of context; easily blocked -Record everything  Draw and photograph  Draw profiles of your excavations -Identify different contexts  Different colored soils  Rocky vs. sandy soils  Loose vs. compact soils  Areas separated by architecture How does a site become an archaeological site? -Sedimentation processes  Each layer represents a full context  Everything is compressed  Reoccupation – Was a site occupied for one continuous period of time or occupied several times? -Disturbances  Natural: Torrential rains; floods; rockslides  Man-made: Agriculture and terracing; modern constructions; looting


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