week 4 notes
week 4 notes ANTH 120 001
Popular in Prehistoric Archaeology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Schmidt on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 120 001 at DePaul University taught by christopher milan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Prehistoric Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at DePaul University.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Why excavate -Investigate a single site in detail How long a site was occupied Different activities at a site -Anthropological questions we can ask Day to day life in the past How a society was organized -How Survey; remote sensing Previous research -Research questions General questions Site specific questions -First steps Mapping the site Defining its limits Creating sectors What’s on the surface? -Large units At least 4 m² but bigger Trenches Advantages: better exposure of contexts; can dig deeper Disadvantages: More time consuming; focus on smaller part of site -Test Pits Smaller units (usually 2 x 2 m or smaller) Advantages: spread out over more site; faster to dig; better for random sampling Disadvantages: Limited view of context; easily blocked -Record everything Draw and photograph Draw profiles of your excavations -Identify different contexts Different colored soils Rocky vs. sandy soils Loose vs. compact soils Areas separated by architecture How does a site become an archaeological site? -Sedimentation processes Each layer represents a full context Everything is compressed Reoccupation – Was a site occupied for one continuous period of time or occupied several times? -Disturbances Natural: Torrential rains; floods; rockslides Man-made: Agriculture and terracing; modern constructions; looting
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