Geography 20, Week 12 Notes
Geography 20, Week 12 Notes GEG 20CD
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Mathias on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEG 20CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Robert Ziegenfus in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 99 views. For similar materials see Elements of Culture Geography in Geography at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Geography 20—Week 12 Notes (11/4-13/4) Chapter 9 Monday, April 11 I. Geography of Development A. Economic Indicators 1. GNI PPP (Gross National Income Purchasing Power Parity)—How much will an amount of money buy in another country. China’s GNI PPP is lower because of the enormous population. 2. GDP (Gross Domestic Product)—The value of everything produced in a country. Varies in parts of individual countries based on tourism, industry, etc. 3. HDI (Human Development Index) i. Indicators: Life expectancy at birth, Mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, and Gross national income per capita ii. Dimensions: Health, Education, and Living standards iii. Scale from 0.0 to 1.0 (map on pg. 301) 4. Human Suffering Index (not as commonly used) 5. Types of jobs available B. Jobs 1. Primary i. Related to the creation of something (farming, mining, fishing, etc.) 2. Secondary i. Making something out of extracted substances (food, TVs, cars, etc.) 3. Tertiary i. Provision of goods and services (teachers, salespeople, etc.) 4. The majority of the population are tertiary workers i. Primary and secondary jobs have decreased in developed countries while tertiary jobs have increased ii. Primary jobs have decreased in developing countries iii. Secondary jobs have increased in developing countries and tertiary jobs have also gone up, but have leveled out Wednesday, April 13 C. Social Indicators 1. Education and Literacy i. Average years of schooling for women in Cameroon is 4 yrs., with a mode (most common) of 0 yrs. ii. On average, only developed countries have 10+ years of education iii. Low pupil/teacher ratio can help with development iv. Gender inequality plays a huge role in education v. Large numbers of students in less developed countries are often crowded into storage rooms and stairwells because there is nowhere else to have a classroom 2. Health i. HDI is measured by life expectancy at birth and is influenced by how much money is spent on health in a country (% of GDP) ii. Russia has an equal number, if not more, female doctors compared to male doctors D. Distribution of Development 1. More developed countries vs. Less developed countries 2. Three “worlds” 3. North-South
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