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Chapter 3 Notes

by: Bianca Dukesherer

Chapter 3 Notes HD 204

Bianca Dukesherer
GPA 3.4
Family Systems and Interactions
ViviAnne Fischer

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About this Document

Chapter 3 discusses theories of family communication.
Family Systems and Interactions
ViviAnne Fischer
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bianca Dukesherer on Monday February 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HD 204 at Washington State University taught by ViviAnne Fischer in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 131 views. For similar materials see Family Systems and Interactions in Human Development at Washington State University.

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Date Created: 02/16/15
Tuesday February 17 y HD 204Family Theories Chapter 3 Exam next Thursday Theories of Family Communication Theories consist of a basic set of assumptions about how families function They help explain how and why families function the way they do They help us predict when something may or may not happen ex when couples might divorce Can help inform practice to control problems or situations in families Family Systems Theory Characteristics Interdependence no one member can do something without it effecting other family members Wholeness the whole is greater than the sum of its parts different personalities etc come together to be a whole Emergent properties Analogycake bc different ingredients into one cake PatternsseIfredulation system maintains constancy within an acceptable range of behaviors Patterns of interaction repetition and reciprocity become established in the system to keep it functioning Calibration monitoring the situation and making adjustments Different families have different ranges of what is acceptable behavior and not Regulate interaction patterns through feedback maintenance feedbackmaintains standard minimizes change and change promoting feedback Interactive ComplexityPunctuation Communication is circular Punctuation trying to pinpoint where things started or placing blame which the theory says isn t helpful and its impossible to place blame at one specific point Opennesstechnology making it more difficult Complex Relationships Subsystemsrelationships between 23 people in the family can be defined by generation gender interests Membership fluctuates Coalition When a subsystem aligns against others often in the form of triangles Child as scapegoat child is trying to deflect attention onto themselves conflict with parent or child trying to get attention by getting in throuble Tuesday February 17 y Crossgenerational Mother and daughter are subsystem parents have conflict distance between father and daughter Equifinality There are several ways to arrive at the same outcome Families meet goals share meanings in different ways Understanding cause is less valuable than understanding the process Family Theories Social Constructionism people actively construct a model of the world through their conversationsinteractions Families are social systems created by their communication Svmbolic Interaction interaction fosters development of self and group identity Behavior is based on meanings attributed to actions Meanings are influenced by social and cultural context How I see myself comes from how I think others see me Roles shared norms about social positions tell us what behavior is expected of us tell us what behavior we can expect from others Relational DialecticsDialectical theorvdialectical tensions focuses on how people manage contradictions in relationships Tensionpush amp pull Autonomyconnection Opennesscloseness Predictabilitynovelty A How do families deal with these tensions Selection Segmentation Neutralizing Cyclic alteration over time go back and forth Reframing adjusting perspective to connect more Narrative Theorv we make sense of our worlds through storytelling Subjective process based on narrators description of events Allows us to discover and create who we are Types of narratives ex StoryCorps 1 Recounting retelling an event ex How I Met Your Mother 2 Accounting


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