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Soc 101-the theory of lewis Closer

by: Freddie816

Soc 101-the theory of lewis Closer SOC 102

Marketplace > University of California - Los Angeles > Sociology > SOC 102 > Soc 101 the theory of lewis Closer
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Lecture on intergroup and intragroup conflict
Contemporary Sociological Theory
Class Notes
sociology, soc102, jepson, conflicttheory
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 04/19/16
The positive function of conflict in society   ○ Intergroup conflict  ■ This type of conflict occurs  between  two groups (externally). According  to Merton, inter­group conflict functions to increase solidarity and  cohesiveness  between t he individuals within the same group (internal).  This is because, as external conflict arises, members of the same group  unite (organize) to fight for a common cause. Thus, conflict functions by  giving  internal  group members a shared goal. The problem though (latent  effect) is that as conflict increases, the need for every individual to  participate within the group increases, and thus, the  tolerance for  individual freedom weakens   ■ The  larger and the more diverse  the group is, the harder it will be to  organize everyone. This issue can be resolved by introducing a more  severe level of conflict i.e­ the more  intense  the conflict, the more likely it  will be to organize a large and diverse society such as LA  ■ Freedom is supposedly restored after threat passes but political theatres  potentially try to keep freedom llow through lying   ■ Example­Jonestown  ● Jones manipulated conflict in order to get members to organize and  through further manipulation, Jones was able to get members to  drink poison voluntarily   ○ Intragroup conflict  ■ This type of conflict occurs  within  a group, usually for scarce resources,  MPP, or out of jealousy  ■ This type of conflict has little effect if individuals are not that close, but  can pose a threat if individuals are. For example, friends and family.  Friends and family are usually close in relationship with others and when  conflict arise, friends and family tend to ignore and repress conflict for the  sake of the health of the relationship. Through repression, conflict arises  and becomes a lot worse and may flow into other relationships.  (any  relationship with a heavy emotional relationship and high level of ego  involvement is vulnerable to conflict)  ● The more intimate the relationship, the more likely that  conflict will develop and be repressed  ● Prolonged repression of conflict allows conflict to slip into  other relationships, allows for dysfunctional relationships to  develop and can result in the entire breakdown of the  relationship  ○ Differences between both types of conflict  ■ Intragroup conflict occurs between individuals  ● Can pose a threat depending on how close individual members are.  Ie­the more intimate the relationship, the more likely that conflict  will develop  ■ Intergroup conflict occurs between groups  ● Functions to increase solidarity between individuals of the same  group  ■ Groups with frequent conflict are actually closer   ● Allows for the release of tension between two or more individuals  such as the release of anger in therapy group sessions/those who  yell at each other  ● Conflict theory vs functionalism  ○ The difference between conflict theory and functionalism is that whereas  functionalism has a more optimistic view of society, conflict theory to an extent,  has a pessimistic view of society. For example, according to functionalism, every  element of society member, institution, organization etc. serves the larger purpose  of working in harmony with everyone else in order to maintain society as a whole  (society works as an organ system in which each organ functions to maintain the  health of the system). Conflict theory however, rejects the notion of society  working as an organ system. According to conflict theory, not every element of  society serves a function and not everyone works together in harmony.  Furthermore, every society is subject to change, every society exhibits some form  of conflict and will always be at risk of falling apart.  ○ Furthermore, every society is based on coercion of the majority (based on  exploitation), that is­every society is ruled and governed by a higher power (the  rich govern the poor). The one in power, not only makes the major decisions but  gets everyone to conform through the use of threat and force. 


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