Soc 101-the theory of lewis Closer
Soc 101-the theory of lewis Closer SOC 102
Popular in Contemporary Sociological Theory
Popular in Sociology
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
Reviews for Soc 101-the theory of lewis Closer
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/19/16
The positive function of conflict in society ○ Intergroup conflict ■ This type of conflict occurs between two groups (externally). According to Merton, intergroup conflict functions to increase solidarity and cohesiveness between t he individuals within the same group (internal). This is because, as external conflict arises, members of the same group unite (organize) to fight for a common cause. Thus, conflict functions by giving internal group members a shared goal. The problem though (latent effect) is that as conflict increases, the need for every individual to participate within the group increases, and thus, the tolerance for individual freedom weakens ■ The larger and the more diverse the group is, the harder it will be to organize everyone. This issue can be resolved by introducing a more severe level of conflict i.e the more intense the conflict, the more likely it will be to organize a large and diverse society such as LA ■ Freedom is supposedly restored after threat passes but political theatres potentially try to keep freedom llow through lying ■ ExampleJonestown ● Jones manipulated conflict in order to get members to organize and through further manipulation, Jones was able to get members to drink poison voluntarily ○ Intragroup conflict ■ This type of conflict occurs within a group, usually for scarce resources, MPP, or out of jealousy ■ This type of conflict has little effect if individuals are not that close, but can pose a threat if individuals are. For example, friends and family. Friends and family are usually close in relationship with others and when conflict arise, friends and family tend to ignore and repress conflict for the sake of the health of the relationship. Through repression, conflict arises and becomes a lot worse and may flow into other relationships. (any relationship with a heavy emotional relationship and high level of ego involvement is vulnerable to conflict) ● The more intimate the relationship, the more likely that conflict will develop and be repressed ● Prolonged repression of conflict allows conflict to slip into other relationships, allows for dysfunctional relationships to develop and can result in the entire breakdown of the relationship ○ Differences between both types of conflict ■ Intragroup conflict occurs between individuals ● Can pose a threat depending on how close individual members are. Iethe more intimate the relationship, the more likely that conflict will develop ■ Intergroup conflict occurs between groups ● Functions to increase solidarity between individuals of the same group ■ Groups with frequent conflict are actually closer ● Allows for the release of tension between two or more individuals such as the release of anger in therapy group sessions/those who yell at each other ● Conflict theory vs functionalism ○ The difference between conflict theory and functionalism is that whereas functionalism has a more optimistic view of society, conflict theory to an extent, has a pessimistic view of society. For example, according to functionalism, every element of society member, institution, organization etc. serves the larger purpose of working in harmony with everyone else in order to maintain society as a whole (society works as an organ system in which each organ functions to maintain the health of the system). Conflict theory however, rejects the notion of society working as an organ system. According to conflict theory, not every element of society serves a function and not everyone works together in harmony. Furthermore, every society is subject to change, every society exhibits some form of conflict and will always be at risk of falling apart. ○ Furthermore, every society is based on coercion of the majority (based on exploitation), that isevery society is ruled and governed by a higher power (the rich govern the poor). The one in power, not only makes the major decisions but gets everyone to conform through the use of threat and force.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'