Notes Feb. 17
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Casey Kampegaard on Tuesday February 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Classics 102 at University of Massachusetts taught by Eric Poehler in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 115 views.
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I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!
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Date Created: 02/17/15
Roman Civilization Important State Offices Magistrates elected officals I Quaestor chief financial officers 0 Elected annually by the Assembly of Tribes below the Assembly of Centuries 0 Chief duties I Administer the aerarium in Rome 0 The treasury held inside the Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum I Administer the finances of provincial holdings under the supervision of a provincial governor I Aedile 4 elected annually 0 Patron to the urban population I Maintenance of cityworks infrastructure waterways public order during festivals and marketplaces I Maintenance and distribution of the grain supply I The funding of and supervision of some public games with their own funds I Praetor initially 1 elected each year 0 2nd praetor added in 242 BCE 0 Chief duties I Leading officials in Rome when the consuls were absent on military campaign I Praetors could also command an army I Heard legal testimony and issued judgments against criminals I The cursus honorum course of honors was the track of political offices that a young man aimed to achieve in order to reach the highest office the consulship O The chief prerequisite to running for office was military service Temple of Saturn 0 Located in the Roman Forum 0 First temple dedicated at this site at the very beginning of the Republic 497 BC 0 Temple housed the public treasury aerarium and public laws Track of Honors 0 Cursus honorum The traditional track was quaestor aedile praetor consul O Achievement of any of these important offices made a man eligible for admission into the Senate and after 81 BC such a magistrate was automatically enrolled Important Assemblies I Senate Assembly of Centuries voted to elect important magistrates consuls praetors censors and voted on matters of war and peace an assembly that voted by class reforms of Servius Assembly of Tribes in 2 parts 0 as a whole elected minor magistrates and considered proposals brought forward by the senate 0 Only the plebian members Assembly of Plebs ratified plebian proposals and later passed plebiscites laws and elected tribunes Roman Law Twelve Tables Famin Order Livy tells us that in 451 the Romans elected a board of lOmen decemviri to establish the laws of Rome called The Twelve Tables Legal power in the Roman family was concentrated in its male head patria potestas The state hardly interfered in relations between him and those subject to him free or unfree over whom he had the power of life and death Roman Civilization Video quiz on Friday on this Video Can be found on YouTube if you search Meet the Romans with Mary Beard Who were the Romans 0 Many tombs were examined in that Romans loved to tell stories with their tombs 0 Roman in uence can be found today in our architecture and roads 0 Chiseled life stories into the stone of tombs Rome Itself 0 Not just a city but an Empire 0 What did the Empire do to the Romans 0 Forgotten people ordinary people what was life like for them 0 There are many ways that people had become Romans in that their lives could begin outside of Rome and then end in Rome Roman conguest works 0 Brings people in to create Roman citizens 0 Typically people bought as slaves freed and then rose to citizenship 0 Strange that Romans would buy and free so many slaves but this is how they built up the Roman Empire 0 Kind of like osmosis they would take people and ensure they become Roman citizens to repopulate the city as lots of people died 0 How do you keep these people alive 0 2000 years ago Rome was brand new full of building sites and such 0 How do you feed and house these people I Empire would feed these people in that Sicily Libya and Egypt would be designated to grow wheat for the Empire Artifacts 0 Pottery mountain stacked neatly and shows how people lived 0 Pots used to store olive oil which mostly came from Spain and a bit from Northern Africa 0 Olive Oil very important to Roman life for light bathing cooking amongst other things 0 Mosaics would be used to advertise companies 0 Rome would draw in resources from all corners of the Mediterranean I Rope grain pelts wood Food Grain would be turned into bread Corn dole free ration of grain to make bread with 3040 kilos worth Not distributed in a strange way Citizens would benefit in that they could receive rations of grain to make bread to eat Eurysaces M Baker and contractor Left himself a very fancy tomb 0 Top depicted scenes from the life in the bakery Forced citizens to specialize 0 Be it the military bakery fishmongering etc Citizens would identify themselves with what they devoted their lives to O I am a luxury clothes maker or I am a female fishmonger When in Rome do as the Romans do Colors and subject matter would amaze passersby Colors for painting were expensive and Romans would pride themselves on which ones they used if they could pay for them themselves Purple EXTREMELY special 0 Very expensive and regulated by law 0 Those who wore some purple on their togas were Senators 0 The Emperor was the one that would wear only purple to symbolize his wealth and power
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