Gender Dysphoria PSYCH 3830
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Margaret Bloder on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3830 at Clemson University taught by Pam Alley in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Gender Dysphoria I. Changes in DSM-5 to Sexual and Gender Identity Disorder DSM-IV The overall category was called sexual and gender identity disorders and it included gender identity, sexual dysfunctions, and paraphilia DSM-5 Divided into 3: Each disorder has its own category Name was changed from gender identity to gender dysphoria Name was changed from paraphilia to paraphilic II. Biological Sex Versus Gender A. What determines biological sex? Sex (biological condition) Sex chromosomes Internal genitalia External genitalia Gender (psychosocial condition) Behaviors Traits Interests B. Physical Intersex Condition A disconnect between the components that define one’s biological sex Hermaphrodite Typically XX Typically 1 ovary and 1 testis External genitalia ambiguous Psuedohermaphrodite (a little more common) XY with testes and female/ambiguous external genitalia XX with ovaries and male/ambiguous external genitalia C. Transsexualism A disconnect between one’s biological sex and one’s gender Views themselves as being the opposite sex to their biological sex Cross-dressing Not all transsexuals have a psychological disorder (must cause stress/impairment in order to get diagnosed) -Some transsexuals feel comfortable living as members of the opposite sex and have no desire to alter their biological sex. -Some transsexuals experience significant distress or impairment in functioning as a result of their disconnect between their biological sex and gender. These individuals may be diagnosed with Gender Dysphoria III. What are the Characteristics of Gender Dysphoria? Strong desire to get rid of primary biological genitalia Stress IV. Transsexualism vs. Transvestim Transvestism is a paraphilic disorder where the individual becomes sexually aroused by wearing clothing of the opposite sex (Both transsexuals and transvestites cross-dress, but for 2 different reasons)
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