Chapter_14.pdf CCJ 415 - 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hertis Mcclanahan on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 415 - 001 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Cindy L. Hart in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Prevention: Crime & Delnqncy in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Chapter 14 - KEYWORDS alternative Individual classrooms or programs within a school, set up dispel the schools negative experiences of many problem youths bullying Behavior that includes both physical and verbal aggression that is repeated over time is meant to intentionally harm the victim feeble-minded Term used in the early 1900s to denote those with low IQs G.R.E.A.T. Gang Resistance Education and Training- taught by local police officers in middle schools; goal of the program is to “prevent youth crime, violence and gang involvement”; provides youths with the necessary skills for identifying high-risk situations and resisting the pressure or allure of taking part in gangs and gang activity; program curricula are geared toward increasing self- esteem, changing attitudes, and eliminating participation in violent behavior meta-analysis The reanalysis of data from various studies in order to make direct comparisons between the results peer mediation Program in which students are trained to assist one another in resolving disputes in such a way that all parties to the dispute accept the resolution Project Positive action through holistic education- a broad based approach to PATHE the school environment that brings teachers, administrators, students, parents, and agencies together to make decisions about education and the school Resolving School program including student mediation as a core component; Conflict elementary curriculum consist of 12 lessons dealing with issues of Creatively communication, cooperation, feelings, diversity, peacemaking, and Program resolving conflicts (RCCP) Responding in Program that targets sixth graders and includes lessons on Peaceful and appropriate responses to conflict situations and how students can Positive Ways avoid violence (RIPP) school Police officers assigned to schools who are involved in mentoring resource and referrals, training teachers and parents, teaching programs, and officers performing traditional police functions (SROs) tracking The process of assigning students to different classes or groups based on the perceived needs of the student; common forms of tracking appear in high school, where students find themselves placed into “college preparatory” or “vocational” groups Chapter 14 - QUESTIONS Early IQ tests Entrants to the united states in order to keep the mentally deficient out of the were used to country screen? What is the Important correlate of delinquency Not a direct casual factor relationship between IQ and delinquency? What impact Not that impactful. Lower expectations does a vocational group in school have on grades and teacher expectations? What did Gold Positive reinforcement find in his research the relationship between offending youths and school misbehavior? What are the a broad based approach to the school environment that brings teachers, components of administrators, students, parents, and agencies together to make decisions about the Project education and the school PATHE in school pride, career-oriented programs, student team learning, and individual services as Charleston, SC? targets for change The evaluation The program has no overall effect on the schools as a group, improvements can be found in of Project individual schools PATHE indicated: What is Peer Program in which students are trained to assist one another in resolving disputes in such a Mediation? way that all parties to the dispute accept the resolution What has been Fewer discipline problems, fewer suspension the outcome of teaching student conflict management/res olution? What does the goal of the program is to “prevent youth crime, violence and gang involvement”; provides G.R.E.A.T. youths with the necessary skills for identifying high-risk situations and resisting the Program target? pressure or allure of taking part in gangs and gang activity; The most recent No impact on delinquent activity evaluation of Positive about the police, less positive about gangs more often used refusal skills, better the revised G.R.E.A.T. able to resist peer pressure, less involved in gangs Program indicates: What are the Reductions in bulling, classroom disruption, and general delinquency results of the Olweus anti- bullying approach? Cox, et al’s Little impact on delinquency, increase academic performance and self-esteem analaysis of alternative schools indicated: What is The process of assigning students to different classes or groups based on the perceived tracking? needs of the student; common forms of tracking appear in high school, where students find themselves placed into “college preparatory” or “vocational” groups