ANTHRO223, Week 3 Notes
ANTHRO223, Week 3 Notes ANTH 223
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Cochrane on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 223 at University of Oregon taught by Lynn Stephen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Anthroplogy of Chocolate in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Chocolate and Indigenous Ritual in Mesoamerica Rites of Passage marks passing of one stage of life and entry into another (birth, puberty, marriage, initiation into priesthood, death, etc) Ritual in Context of Worldview and Belief Systems operate within the context of a worldview or belief system involved a set of ﬁxed actions and often words performed as part of a ceremony Mayan View of the Universe ﬂat Earth held by four bacabs (North, East, South, and West) sacred tree of life (cacao) is the path between all spiritual realms tree grows at the center of a complex unity of celestial gods above the Earth’s plane and in the underworld (Kilbalba) where 9 dark deities reside Connecting Cacao/Chocolate to Life Passage Rituals Popul Vuh says the ﬁrst humans were made from cacao and maize presentation of cacao to newborns in Mayan naming ceremonies cacao has been used to consecrate marriage and is oﬀered to dead ancestors (dia de los meurtos) Passage to the Underworld Souls that aren’t properly provisioned will come back to haunt the living goods place with the dead serve as both substances for the soul and payment to various creatures in the journey
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