19th Century Spectacle and Traditional Chinese Theatre
19th Century Spectacle and Traditional Chinese Theatre THEA-UT 510
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Caine on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA-UT 510 at New York University taught by Edward Ziter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Theatre Production in Theatre at New York University.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
th 19 Century Spectacle Key Terms th Edwin Booth- Famous 19 century American actor; known for his Shakespeare Booth’s Theatre- Theatre built by Edwin Booth in 1869 George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen- Founder of the Meiningen Players; intensely focused on realism Paris Opera House- Opera house built in 1874 by Napoleon III Festival Theatre at Bayreuth- Theatre built by Richard Wagner in 1876 Richard Wagner- Designer of the Festival Theatre at Bayreuth Charles Kean- Famous Irish actor Henry Irving- Famous English actor; known for intense realism Class Notes Birth of show business as we know it o Worship of stars o Technology o New audiences Population growth More leisure time and wealth o Illustrations of actors Appeared in papers o Transportation Railroads Made traveling shows possible Booth’s Theatre- 1869 o Sunken orchestra pit First to have one o Arms rests on chairs o Ventilation under seats o Gas lighting Electric sparks to turn lights on and of o Hydraulic lifts for scenery Could be flown in Built out scenery o Short apron Paris Opera House- 1874 o Built by Napoleon III (nephew of the dictator) Came to power in 1848 Rebuilt city with wide streets Held competition to find architect for opera house Festival Theatre at Bayreuth- 1876 o Built by Richard Wagner o Fan shaped auditorium No central aisles All seats were one price o No apron o Sunken orchestra o Chariot-and-pole scenery Move towards realism o Props on stage o Everyday actions on stage o Changes happened because Technologically possible Limelight o Precursor to modern spotlight Electricity Longer runs Larger houses Rise of historiography Fascination of past Touring shows Henry Irving o Emphasis on spectacle o Known for small physical gestures o Lighting technology Coloring lights with colored lacquers Experiments with electricity Savoy Theatre o First to be electrified o Had own generators Meiningen Players o Not funded by state Able to spend months on projects Chinese Traditional Theatre Key Terms Kunqu- Traditional form of Chinese Opera created in 16 century Beijing Opera- Traditional form of Chinese theatre created in 18 century Mei Lanfang- Very famous Beijing Opera performer Huang Zuolin- Wrote “Peony Pavilion” a famous Kunqu Class Notes Long history of Chinese theatre o Han Dynasty (206 B.C. – 220 A.D.) o Tang Dynasty (618- 907) Training theatre Kunqu o 16 century o Included arias and chanting o Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) o Highly literary o Peony Pavilion 1598 Written by Tang Zou o Performed in homes of wealthy o Long productions o Minimal scenery Elaborate costumes/ face paint Color of paint indicated temperament of character Beijing Opera o More traditional More of skeleton or outline than script o Women on stage in 1911 o Private home performances
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