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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Caine on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA-UT 510 at New York University taught by Edward Ziter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Theatre Production in Theatre at New York University.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Modernism Key Terms Émile Zola- Most famous advocate of realist theatre André Antoine- Created his own realist theatre company Théâtre Libre- Theatre company created by Antoine Konstantin Stanislavsky- Created Moscow Art Theatre; practiced realist theatre David Belasco- Created Belasco Theatre; practiced realist theatre Aurélien- Marie Lugné Poe- Most famous symbolist director Théâtre de l’OEuvre- Symbolist theatre built in Paris in 1893 Adolphe Appia- Symbolist theorist; worked with opera Edward Gordon Craig- Symbolist advocate; inspired by Henry Irving Vsevolod Meyerhold- Constructivist set designer Naturalism- Using details of realism to shape character Symbolism- Theatre that strives more for the mood of the play than actual setting and detail Constuctivism- Theatre with abstract sets that focus on efficiency Class Notes Romanticsm o Fullness of human experience Darker aspects All human emotion Disequilibrium and confusion o 1790’s- mid 19th century Increasing realism in theatre o Better technology Attention to detail o Truth over pleasure Birth of naturalism Realism Darwin’s Origin of Species o Evolution o Large effect on modernism o Zola Said heredity and environment shape human character Argument for naturalism Realism vs. naturalism o Realism is inclusion of extraneous detail to give impression of reality o Naturalism is realism with a thesis Details shape who we are o Realism called verisimilitude at the time André Antoine, 1858-1943 o Development of independent theatre Leads to experimentation o Created amateur company- Théâtre Libre Wanted to do a Zola play Became full time director o Theatre in France heavily censored Got around it by technically being a club o Blocking about realistic behavior Sometimes had back to audience Stanislavsky o Created Moscow Art Theatre o Realistic sets and soundscapes Angered Chekov when Stanislavsky did his shows David Belasco o Able to make realism more commercial o Belasco Theatre on Broadway o Extremely complicated set designs Still not Zola’s idea of realism All plays had happy endings William Poel o Historical accuracy to put less stuff on stage Recreate conditions of original production Went for simplicity Symbolist theatre o Play doesn’t have to depict actual setting Mood of language Produce emotional effect o Lugné Poe Added “Poe” to his name in honor of Edgar Allen Biggest symbolist director “The word creates the décor” Adolphe Appia, 1862-1928 o Swiss designer for opera o Rhythm of text is key for entire performance Stage space enhances actors movements o Most influential as a theorist Edward Gordon Craig o Felt realism debased theatre Wanted to get rid of actors o Inspired by realist Henry Irving Moved away from realism Wanted marionettes o Actors “part of the set” Constructivism o Abstract sets o Meyerhold Created sets as space for actors to act in More powerfully project meanings of their actions Influenced by assembly line Efficiency o Certain gestures produce emotions
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