J101: Grammar For Communication
J101: Grammar For Communication
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This 2 page was uploaded by Laura Sears on Monday April 14, 2014. The belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 96 views.
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Date Created: 04/14/14
1101 Quiz 1 42 Subjects A sentence must have a subject a verb and a complete thought A subject can be either a noun or a pronoun that is doing the action described in the sentence or being described How To Find The Subject Take a look at this sentence Find the verb and what or whom is being projected onto the verb 0 immy Fallon and Steve Higgins preform hilarious banter during The Tonight Show 0 The verb here is preform jimmy and Steve are the ones preforming so they are the subjects of the sentence Sometimes the subject isn39t specifically stated in the sentence For example Don39t go Here there is an implied you The subject isn39t always in the beginning of the sentence either An example of this is 0 Down the hall are a bathroom and a study room o In this sentence bathroom and study room are the subjects because they follow the prepositional phrase Other tricky faux subjects include nonessential information except for but not anything between two commas and pronouns in prepositional phrases There may also be more than one subject in a sentence Don39t just find one and assume that will be all 47 Verbs Action amp Linking Action verbs are pretty self explanatory walk talk laugh party take 0 These describe the action the subject undergoes Linking verbs connect the subject of the verb to additional info about the subject quotI like dogs It looked great He watched the movie Main Verbs amp Helping Verbs Main verbs are action linking verbs Helping verbs are also called auxiliary verbs 0 They change the meaning of main verbs I She might go to the movies I He should not have eaten that pizza I I could bifamous To a verb never leads to a verbs This is an infinitive 0 lat to go to New York this summer want is the verb 0 The best part of his day is when he goes to bed Verb Tense The main tense are present I laugh past I laughed past participle I had laughed and future I will laugh Gerunds These tricky subjects objects appear like verbs with their ing endings but they are actually nouns 0 Laughing is the best medicine laughing is the subject here 0 Collecting that trash Las his punishment collecting is the subject 49 SubjectVerb Agreement Easy to remember if the subject is singular the verb is singular and visa versa Collective nouns board audience family are singular but members of these make the verb plural members of the audience are laughing Units of measurements are singular When is comes to or nor you must match the verb to the nearest subject Latin based media data are always plural Fractions match the verb to what that fraction modifies A number of is always plural while the number of is always singular One of always matches to the group describes while only one of is always singular Words that are always singular are everyone each either anyone much no one nothing someone Words that are always plural are both few many several Any some all most will always depend on what is being modified
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