Chapter 5 Gender Reading Notes
Chapter 5 Gender Reading Notes Psych 3551
Popular in Adolescent Psychology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Monica Rinderle on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 3551 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Julie Hupp in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 165 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Psychology in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/19/15
Chapter 6 The Self Self Re ection in Adolescence 0 What kind of person am I 0 What am I good at 0 Trying to figure out who they are and who they will become 0 Enhanced cognitive capacity in adolescence means that adolescents change their self conceptions and selfesteem Selfconcept refers to the way a person views and evaluates herself or himself 0 Selfimage 0 Selfperception Selfesteemrefers to a person s overall sense of worth and wellbeing 0 Am I worthy Differential SelfConceptions 0 Childhood gt I have a dog named Spike and a brother named Silas gt Measurable simple concrete and obvious descriptions 0 Adolescence gt Abstract personality traits and categories stereotypes gt I m complicated sensitive and outgoing The Self in Adolescence 0 The capacity for abstract thought means an adolescent can distinguish between gt Actual self who am I gt Possible self who I might become gt Ideal self who I would like to be gt Feared self who I dread becoming Development and SelfEsteem 0 Research has found a decline in selfesteem from preadolescence to adolescence 0 On the other hand the degree of decline in selfesteem should not be exaggerated 0 Selfesteem can go in a variety of different directions in early adolescence Adolescent SelfImage 8 Domains Scholastic Competence Social Acceptance Athletic Competence Physical Appearance PP P Job Competence Romantic Appeal Behavioral Conduct Close Friendship opospxm Some aspects more important to selfesteem depending on what is important to that adolescent 0 For most young people selfesteem rises during emerging adulthood gt Physical Appearance gt Relations with Parents gt Environments 0 Independent self that is promoted by individualistic cultures 0 Interdependent self that is promoted by collectivistic cultures 0 These cultures also promote selfre ection to consider who you are and to think highly of one s self 0 In collectivistic cultures characterized by narrow socialization the self is not most important and if a person possess high selfesteem they are considered a threat SelfConcept 0 Adolescent selfconception becomes more abstract and more complex 0 More abstract gt Adolescents use abstract terms to describe themselves gt a person s perception of the self as it is contrasted with the possible self gt A person s conception of the self as it potentially may be May include both an ideal self and a feared self gt the person an adolescent would like to be gt the self a person imagines it is possible to become but dreads becoming 0 More Complex gt Adolescents often describe themselves using contradictory terms gt False self the self a person may present to others while realizing that it does not represent what he or she is actually thinking and feeling 0 A person s overall sense of worth and well being 0 a person s evaluation of his or her qualities and relations with others 0 a person s views of themselves usually including concrete characteristics as well as roles relationships and personality characteristics 0 a person s view of his or her characteristics and abilities 0 Girls often experience a drop in selfesteem as they enter adolescence 0 Americans values high selfesteem more than other countries 0 In traditional Asian culture selfcriticism is a virtue and high selfesteem is a character problem 0 African Americans tend to have higher selfesteem than other ethnic groups 0 Asian Americans often have the lowest selfesteem compared to other ethnic groups 0 Aspects of SelfEsteem gt gt gt a person s stable enduring sense of worth and well being High baseline selfesteem might have an occasional bad day but mostly see themselves in a positive way Low baseline selfesteem might continuously have bad days with an occasional good day the uctuating sense of worth and wellbeing people have as they respond to different thoughts experiences and interactions in the course of a day 0 Susan Harther s Eight Domains of Adolescent Self Image WNQMPP P Scholastic Competence Social Acceptance Athletic Competence Physical Appearance Job Competence Romantic Appeal Behavioral Conduct Close Friendship SelfEsteem and Physical Appearance 0 Physical appearance is most strongly related to global selfesteem 0 Girls have a more negative body image than boys in adolescence and are more ciritical of appearance 0 Causes and Effects of SelfEsteem gt gt gt gt Feeling accepted and approved by others especially peers and parents is most important Adolescent selfesteem is enhanced when parents provide love and encouragement Adolescents have low selfesteem when parents are denigrating in indifferent Approval from adults outside the family especially teachers enhances selfesteem 0 SelfEsteem in Emerging Adulthood gt Rises during emerging adulthood gt By emerging adulthood most people are comfortable With how they look gt Relationships With parents improves and con icts resolve gt Individuals have more control over the social contexts of everyday life The Emotional Self 0 The time of heightened emotions 0 Adolescents are moodier When compared to preadolescents 0 Adolescents seem to respond to emotional stimuli more with the heart than With the head 0 From ages 1825 negative emotions decrease among emerging adults 0 Adolescent girls are more sensitive to the nuances of human relationships Erikson s Theory 0 19021994 0 One of the most in uential scholars in the history of the study of adolescence 0 crisis typical of the adolescent stage of life in Which individuals may follow the healthy path of establishing a clear and definite sense of Who they are and how they fit into the world around them gt Identity formation involves re ecting on What your traits abilities and interest are gt Identity is formed through love work and ideology 0 relationships formed With others especially in childhood in Which love for another person leads one to want to be like that person 0 an identity based on What a person has seem portrayed as most undesirable or dangerous
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