Week 6 Materials
Week 6 Materials ANTH 1004
Popular in Language in Culture and Society
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Chadwick on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1004 at George Washington University taught by Dent in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 183 views. For similar materials see Language in Culture and Society in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/19/15
Thursday February 19 2015 ANTH 1004 Week 6 Lecture 1 Midterm People language concepts 10 points each Short essay Thesis PosMon 2 supporting paragraphs Choose 1 of 2 essays to write on test Choose 4 of 5 CPP questions Will be on topics of lectures Need to be specific Study lectures notes and outlines as a guide to looking back at the readings Use readings and lectures but mostly readings Child Language Socialization Started beings studied in the 1970s and 1980s Language acquisition but a better term is language socialization Position associated with Chomsky you find language Language socialization over acquisition There is more to language than grammar and words you also learn the rules and ways of the society Why does it matter Gives us clues of evolution Ontogeny the development of an individual recapitulates phylogeny the development of the species Thursday February 19 2015 The development of the individual shows us the development stages of the species Believed that you could see this in creatures less complex Early ancestors of human beings had higher larynxes which dropped over time About 18 months children learn a whole new record of words followed by an intense desire to use record in different contexts naming explosion wouldn39t tell whole evolutionary story Once we figured out reference many new terms came to be Naming itself doesn39t tell much about an actual language need grammatical processes Languages are complex and involve a whole set of social rules Processes of language learning taking place Chomsky proposed that all children learn languages the same way regardless of time period and culture Proposed the language organ which we still haven39t really been able to find arguing against the blank slate hypothesis How do children learn language just by listening to parents who make mistakes Language is already imbedded in the mind in some way therefore learning language is not a process of socialization but of simpler growth Knew that context and the critical period was important lnnatist perspective lt s innate but contact with others helps to make the language grow Chomsky The differences between languages is trivial Under Whorf Processes of language learning must be different because languages are different which result in different ways of thinking about the world Language should not be talked about in the singular languages not language Thursday February 19 2015 Nature v nurture argument Chomsky is nature while Whorf says that nurture is much more important Baby Talks We are trying to bring these two together suggests there is a bit of both Languages is not just acquired but children learn language in ways that are much more complicated than just simple acquisition they are learning more than grammar and words learning language is to learn about being a functional member of society A lot of learning language is teaching kids responsive that are socially appropriate demonstrating that you have an adequately socialized child How does language make different aspects of our biology available Nurture v nature How does language socialization happen What does the natural environment look like Wire a home Time consuming many resources generates too much data Try mixing together the child play and at home with adults Problems associated with getting children to talk about concepts Movie shows that children really start making distinctions in language learning around age 3 or 4 Discussion Language Acquisition Takes 5 to 7 years to master a language Child development related to Chomsky language acquisition device Language socialization Learning how to be in the social environment that you are in There is a new socialization level at every stage in life microlevel socializations Thursday February 19 2015 You need more than language to become a competent member of your society Relativity Social organization of linguistic environment Expectations of adaptation who is adopting caregiver or child Negotiation of meaning Protoconversation When adults work to make a baby an individual conversation partner Utterance Gazing greetings addressed status power Kaluli not a conversation partner always with the mother mom faces the baby toward everyone else in the society and speaks for them speaks for not in baby talk Samoan White middle class child is conversation partner expanded meaning from babbling using baby talk when speaking to babiess
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