Psych 355, week 15
Psych 355, week 15 PSY 355
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Nesbitt on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 355 at Grand Valley State University taught by Dr. Kristy Dean in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Psychology & Culture in Psychlogy at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 04/20/16
Psychology & Culture Notes Class #35 Acculturation o The process of change and adjustment a person experiences when they come into contact w/a new, distinct culture o Generational status of immigrants First- grew up in native country & then immigrated to new country Second- kids of the first generation who were born in new country o Immigrant’s reaction to host/heritage culture Integration- combine 2 cultures Assimilation- assimilate w/new/host culture & less w/heritage culture Separation- accept new/host culture but don’t participate in it, and participate mostly in heritage culture (ex: little Italy) Marginalization- negative attitudes towards BOTH cultures What does “participation” involve? Language/communication; norms of proper behavior; cultural learning approach o The culture’s reaction to the immigrant What is encouraged/permitted in the larger society of the host culture? Multiculturalism, segregation, melting pot, exclusion Perspectives on biculturalism o Blending Biculturalism as an average of 2 cultures Neither X nor Y, but something in between Incremental increase w/more time spent exposed to culture Class #36 Perspectives of biculturalism o Frame-shifting Biculturalism as separate cultural selves Selves as knowledge structures “I am both X & Y” Selectively activated Patterns of thoughts, feelings, behavior depend on when culture is especially salient Cultural Frame Switching o Switching between disposition and situational attributions (Hong et al, 2000) Ps were from Hong Kong “Chinese”, “American”, or neutral prime “Chinese”- shown pictures of China/Chinese culture (Great Wall of China) and asked to write about their experience/knowledge of Chinese culture “American”- shown pictures of America/American culture (American flag) and asked to write about their experience/knowledge of American culture Neutral- control group, no prime for either culture given Shown photo of a group of fish w/one fish in front of the others asked “why is this fish swimming ahead of the group?” Results: Chinese group showed highest scores meaning they use more situational attribution American group showed lowed scores meaning they use more dispositional attribution Neutral group scored in between the other groups showing a blend of attributions blend of cultures
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