Week 6 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Brandenburg on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 4362 at Ohio University taught by Hoyt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology of Justice in Psychlogy at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 02/19/15
February 17 2015 Chapter 7 Eyewitness Identification and Testimony x Memory rebuilding each time we bring the memory back up 0 Encoding storage retrieval I Encoding ability to process things have to pay attention I Storage how will you store the memory and for how long I Retrieval if you have the memory will you be able to retrieve it x How important is eyewitness testimony 0 When an eyewitness is present the chance of conviction is extremely high I Even when the eyewitness seems faulty compromised by something conviction rate is still high 0 Loftus 1979 x Factors during the crime that impact encoding 0 Stress and emotional arousal I Fight or flight I Best memory when your arousal level is moderate Yerkes Dodson 0 Viewing conditions I Dark room I Limited lighting 0 Time estimates and exposure I How long you see the criminal I How long the crime takes place I Times are generally overestimated o More stressful more overestimated 0 Weapon Focus I More likely to look at the weapon rather than the perpetrator x The lineup 0 Type of Identification I nperson line up 1 suspect 56 other individuals I Walk through or show up 0 Go through a different site and watch the suspect from a distance I Photo Array most common 0 Pick out the criminal from a set of pictures 0 The pictures come from driver s license or mugshots typically 0 Simultaneous vs Sequential presentation 0 Sequential is the best option o In simultaneous the witness will tend to compare each individual quotwell this looks most like the criminal 0 Selection of foils I Recruit individuals off the street or use people in the police department 0 Target present vs target absent lineup I Using a target absent lineup is a good way to test the credibility of the witness o This will never be used by police because of the possibility of discrediting their eyewitness o Administrator s Expectation I They can overtly or unconsciously lead the witness to an individual 0 Experimenter bias and doubleblind studies