New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HDF 212

by: Kendra Mossner
Kendra Mossner

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

The notes that are from 1/14-2/23 are notes before the first exam. The study guide for exam 2 is on there (midterm). And my April notes so far are on there.
Families in Cultural Perspective
Polly Pritchard
Class Notes
family, and, Culture
25 ?




Popular in Families in Cultural Perspective

Popular in Human Development

This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendra Mossner on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 212 at Central Michigan University taught by Polly Pritchard in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Families in Cultural Perspective in Human Development at Central Michigan University.

Similar to HDF 212 at CMU

Popular in Human Development


Reviews for HDF 212


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/20/16
1/14/16  In addition to culture, what affects our behavior? o Demographics o Living situation o Area you live in o Education o World issues o Location o SES o Places  What’s the benefit of understanding culture? o Broadening your thinking Definitions  Behavior: A person’s actions or conduct  Beliefs: Something accepted as true by an individual or group  Culture: The way of life shared by a group of people  Traditions: A system of beliefs, values, and practices passed down to people through the people who come before them  Values: Principles or standards considered worthwhile or desirable *A belief I have that affects my behavior is I believe that actions speak louder than words. A closer look at families & households Household name Total # of people # of related (real or fictitious) people 1. JC 4 4 2. Parents 4 4 3. Brandi’s 3 3 4. Tallgrass 4 0 HH(Household) does not define the family Relating to chart drawn above 1. What were the problems we encountered? Everyone’s views are so different, diagnose the different meanings behind the different households 2. What kind of an effect might this have on families? Causes stress and frustration 3. How might we come up with a solution for organizing this information about households? More broad categorizes 1/19/16 “Household” as defined by the U.S. Census  U.S. Census: o Done every 10 years o Want specific information about the household o “.5 kid” o Keeps track of population growth o Offended/touchy labels o Must list household income o Accuracy?  The U.S. Census defines households as o Family or o Non-family  Family= 2 or more people are living together and related through marriage, birth, or adoption  Non-family household= o People who live alone o People who live with nonrelatives (including cohabiting couples) People who are “undocumentedhere for work or safety reasons” in the U.S. do not have to fill out the Census  Trends in household type o In 1979, 19% of all households were NON-FAMILY o In 2010, 33.6% of all households were NON-FAMILY  Historically o Nuclear family (husband, wife, and biological kid)- varying research o Separation o Single parent households (high mortality rates) o Roles of womenchildrenmen, have dramatically changed  Traditional nuclear family= o A married couple o Their biological child or children o No other persons are present in the household  A blended household= o At least one step-parent, stepsiblings, and/or half-siblings o Step-siblings do not chare a common biological parent o Half-siblings share only one biological parent  Why do so many people still believe in the “traditional” family? 1. History is complicated 2. We are nostalgic and remember our childhood through a different “lens” – often idealizing the past  Trends in changing families o Birthrates have declined in America: o Women have fewer children o Children are closer together in age o Women finish child rearing at an earlier age 1/21/16 o Americans are living longer - They may be faced with caring for children and aging parents at the same time o There are large numbers of cohabitating couples o Step-families are more common than ever – about 1/3 of Americans are part of a step-family o One parent families are very common (many are due to unmarried women having children) o The percent of children living with never-married parents rose from 4% in 1960 to 42% in 2000 Trends in Family Structure  Social scientists agree that the family is changing  They disagree on whether it is… o Changing in drastic and unhealthy ways o Continuing to adapt and adjust to changing circumstances o Changing in way that will ultimately make it stronger Definition  Census data has helped us understand a whole new stage of life called the “age of independence”  “A time when youths have moved away from their parents and they are not economically stable.” Why American Families need the Census  Family researchers use statistics to understand trends of the family unit  Consider the stock market and how we understand investments over time  We need longitudinal (overtime) data to put together social policies, legal code, and advice/counseling for families Latitudinal (comparing data at the time) What is “Socio-Economic Class”?  Persons occupying the same relative economic rank form a social class  The most frequently used indicator of class is OCCUPATION Why are gender roles changing?  Three reasons gender roles are changing 1. The realization that traditional characteristics of “masculinity” and “femininity” are not inherent…they are culturally conditioned characteristics 2. The development of contraceptives which gave women freedom to plan for careers and family 3. The explosion of technological culture - More important skills: Intellectual interpersonal - Less important skills: Manual labor World Population  Grew to 7.6 billion in mid-2012 o About 7 billion  Main growth in dev. countries due to: o High birth rates o Young populations  By 2025 deaths will most likely exceed births in developed countries st (1 time)  Concern for birth rates Interracial marriages in the US  *trend* rates of interracial marriage have increased over the last 30 years  the low number among older adults reflects laws that were in place in many states until 1967  the group least likely to marry outside their race are African American women  American Indian, Hawaiian, and individuals of mixed race are most likely to be in interracial marriagehard to find same persons like them  The higher the education level the greater potential for interracial marriage  looks at people who are married not dating Factors that influence culture Social economic status (SES)/Class Education Geographical location Gender Structure of family Religion Behavior/beliefs Job Race Demographics Value/traditions Media Current events Sexual orientation The influence that CULTURE has on WORK (both in/around the home and pair work): 1. How we conduct work 2. Our behavior and style 3. Our use of language 4. How we solve challenges, problems, and conflict 5. How we negotiate, and 6. How we go about creating relationships HDF 212 Study Guide for Exam #2 SP 2016 You should be able to define and answer questions about the following: A. Cohabitation B. Marriage/ Marital quality C. Multi-cultural or multi/mixed-race families D. Racial socialization E. Parenting acculturation F. Intergenerational relationships G. Language brokering H. Transnational families I. Step migration J. Remittances K. Capital (social, human, etc.) L. Parachute kids M. Astronaut families You may want to spend some time specifically focused on studying the following topics: 1. Reasons for studying ethnic and minority parenting techniques 2. Parental aspirations 3. Parenting styles 4. Bicultural parents 5. Minority parents 6. Immigration 7. Immigrant families/parenting 8. Transnational families 9. Your readings as listed in syllabus and posted on Bb!!! 4/12/16 The Plight of Women in India 1000: 774 Boys: Girls Effects of Female Discrimination on the Family and Household - Unequal power - No girls= no boys - Not enough men for women Why it’s hard for girls to stay in school in Rural India - Girls can only go to school at night - Opportunities are limited - School quality, absences, and drop out rates - Education is important for the whole family 1-800-India - The father did not see a reason for his daughter to continue studying after 10 grade - He wanted her to just get married and not worry about school - To pay for college she worked as a cook for three families  Husbands are usually 2-3 times the age of the girl  Unable to marry before the age of 18  “The Lost Girl Problem”  What is a “marriage squeeze”  For every 1000 males there is 650 females  What are the marital expectations?  “marriage has been known as a ‘meal ticket’”  What did Santosh’s mother mean when she said “I have nothing to give” (RE: education?) 4/14/16 “…China will face a growing number of young men who will never marry due to the country’s one-child policy, which has resulted in a reported birth ratio of almost 120 boys for every 100 girls…” - By 2030, projections suggest that more than 25% of Chinese men in their late 30s will never have married - The coming “marriage squeeze” will likely be even more acute in the Chinese countryside, since the poor, uneducated and rural population will be more likely to lose out in the competition for brides. Racial-ethnic families in the U.S. have important commonalities, including 1. Extended family network 2. High rates of female-headed households 3. Out-of-wedlock births 4/19/16 Immigration from ASIA  Asia is now the largest region of origin among recently arrived immigrants (those who have been in the U.S. for five years or less)  Recent Asian immigrants are more likely than other immigrants to receive their green cards or permanent resident status on the basis of employment  About 75% of Asian-American adults were born abroad  Of these, about half say they speak English very well (and half say they don’t) Asian Immigrants and Parenting  16% of newborns of Asian-Americans have an unmarried mother  41% of all U.S. newborns have an unmarried mother  80% of children of Asian-Americans are raised in a household with two married parents  63% of all U.S. children are raised in a household with two married parents Asian Americans either are Immigrants from Asia or are Descendants of Immigrants  makes up about 6% of Americans  Highest-income families  Best-educated families  Fastest-growing racial group in the U.S. Asian-American Countries include:  Chinese/Taiwanese  Filipino  Indian  Vietnamese  Korean  Japanese Fewest are in the Midwest, and most are in the West Coast Intergenerational Relationships in Chinese Immigrant Families  In traditional Chinese society, live with/serve husband’s family  More value to sons than daughters  The mother-in-law’s is responsible for “training” the daughter-in-law  D-i-l feel obligated to show respect/honor towards their m-i-l  Relationships are regarded by scholars as “very complex”  The mother/son relationship determines the m-i-l’s “power”  By training d-i-l (and not sons) how to perform housework and cook, m- i-l’s reaffirm gender roles


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.