Lecture Notes Week of 2/12/15
Lecture Notes Week of 2/12/15 POLISCI 121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Linda Jiang on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLISCI 121 at University of Massachusetts taught by Vincent Ferraro in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Massachusetts.
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Date Created: 02/19/15
21215 Imperialism 0 Never going to see an empire have colonies in the modern day like in the past 0 What propelled Europe into extraordinary dominance o The little ice age end of 13th century and beginning of 14th century I devastated agriculture destroying all crops famine I 10 of European population died 0 The plague 13481350 I No immunity to the plague I 75200 million people die I took 150 years for the Europeans to get back on their feet 0 Lose workers gt wages go up I need substitutions for workers 0 Innovation amp technology 0 Scientific Revolution Trading 0 Discovering different routes besides the silk road 0 Sailing through ocean currents o Voyages of Zheng He 0 Leads 4 voyages to Africa 0 Portuguese wanted Spice Islands 0 Sri Lanka has Cinnamon o Cloves from Banda Islands 0 Nutmeg I Used to make mase I Could make you rich Cochineal bugs makes a red dye that will never fade Slave trade used to maintain sugar cane mills o in order to satisfy the European demand for sugar 0 Overextension 0 Can t rely on loyalty so you have to rely on coercion 21915 Why did Europe expand Theories of Imperialism 0 Political theories 0 Imperialism is a manifestation of the balance of power and the process by which nations try to achieve favorable change in the status quo Scramble for Africa Fashoda 0 Thought who ever controlled Fashoda would control the center of Africa 0 Fashoda ends up being worthless o Conservative theories 0 Focuses on the Domestic society and social order of the power 0 Secure trade markets and maintain employment 0 The Philippines became a colony of the US I Philippines is the first American colony o unfit for self government There was nothing left for us to do but take them all and educate the Filipinos and uplift and Christianize them Mckinley o LiberalMarxist Theories 0 Capitalism I quotIncreasing concentration of wealth within the richer countries leads to underconsumption for the mass of people There is an inherent tendency in market toward a concentration of wealth Using money to make money I benefits those who make money using capital 0 This concentration of wealth leads to the phenomenon of underconsumption I Particular state under an economy I Market based I can t consume unless you produce and sell 0 Expansion abroad is the way to maintain a profit level and consumption I cheaper raw materials I cheaper labor I hostage markets 0 Liberals believe that there is a domestic solution to underconsumption I redistribution of wealth can solve the problem What Were the Consequences
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