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GEOL 101: Coastlines and Ocean Basins

by: Natalee Stanton

GEOL 101: Coastlines and Ocean Basins 101-017

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Geology > 101-017 > GEOL 101 Coastlines and Ocean Basins
Natalee Stanton

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These notes will cover the PowerPoint, professors lecture and the answers to the sample exam questions.
Geology 101-017
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalee Stanton on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101-017 at University of South Carolina taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Geology 101-017 in Geology at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 04/20/16
GEOL 101  Coastlines and Ocean Basins I. Costal Processes        Waves o Caused by  Wind velocity   Wind duration   Fetch (area over which the wind blows)  Wind forces generate ocean waves         Currents  o Longshore currents (parallel to shore)  Caused by waves approach at an angle to the shore      Long shore drift   Transport of sediment parallel to the shoreline  Mainly in the surf and swash zone  o Sand       Rip currents   Perpendicular to shore         Tides  o Direct result of gravitational attraction of the moon and sun on the  ocean       Lunar tides –   Formed by the moon       Solar tides   Formed by the sun       Spring tides   When solar and lunar are in phase       Neap tides   When solar and lunar are out of phase  o 28 day cycle      The sand budget ­ o The rate at which sand is supplied (input) to the beach, verse the rate  at which it is being removed (output)   II .         Sea level change  ­ Sea level change due to warming o Melting of ice caps o Expansion of water in oceans ­ Effects on beaches  o Net erosion  o  loss of the beach  III. Continental margins         Continental shelf o Broad, flat platform underline from the continent          Slope o Steeper  o Mud­draped slope  o Dissected by submarine canyons o Influenced by submarine landslides  ­     Rise o Base of the slope  o Include large submarine fans         Abyssal plain o Not a lot of sediment  o Seamounts­ submerged volcanoes  o Flattest surface on the earth  ­ Types       Passive  Not on a plate boundary       Active  On a plate boundary          Components o Shoreline o Shores, slopes and rises  Sample Exam Questions The amount of windblown material that wind can carry does not depend on the ____.  a. Particle size b. Surface material c. Temperature d. Wind strength  Where does most volcanic activity on the seafloor take place? a. Abyssal plains b. Min­ocean ridges c. Continental shelves d. Oceanic trenches  How deep is the deepest part of the ocean? a. About 1 Kilometer deep b. About 10 kilometers deep c. About 3 kilometers deep d. About 30 kilometers deep  Which of the following currents erode and deposit fine­grained sediments on the  continental slope and rise? a. Longshore cure b. River currents  c. Turbidity currents  d. Tidal currents 


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