Notes 4/19 History 161
Popular in Freemasonry in Mexico and the United states
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by David Notetaker on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 161 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Maru in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Freemasonry in Mexico and the United states in History at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 04/20/16
Republicanism, Civil Society, Public Opinion • Republicanism ◦ Constitution= Law equal for everybody ▪ opposed to King ruling with privilege based government rather than rights ◦ Elections = Representative government ▪ At first only existed in Britain ◦ Majority Rule = General will ▪ provides popular sovereignty ▪ freemasonry only institution practicing this ◦ National Governance ◦ Schools of government ▪ members learned of government within the lodges and attempted to apply this outside ◦ Spreading of British republican tradition • Civil Society ◦ Private to public Public opinion specific option public had about a specific person, kings dealings and authority was now made public and peoples personal lives were now private ◦ Public sphere: Rational critical debate about public issues conducted by private persons willing to let arguments and not statuses determine decisions ▪ Norms of reasoned discourse: arguments, not religion or traditions ▪ Base judgment on reasons ◦ Early Bourgeois public spheres were compose of narrow segments of the European population, mainly educated, proprietary ▪ Freemasonry reflected this public sphere of the elites ◦ Masonic lodges part of that public sphere ◦ Exclusive, aristocratic. Enlightened leadership. ◦ Mirror old order/ Democratic seed. ▪ mirroring the change but also providing a democratic view such as ideas ◦ Public opinion ▪ public, people, masses ▪ the public was not the common people (masses) but the educated and learned intellectuals ▪ One opinion, the same, consensus through reason ▪ ideas coming from enlightenment that everyone should come to the same reason because everyone analyzes this logically and no way that we wouldn’t arrive to the same conclusion, if public comes to this truth then it will give political legitimacy ▪ Public debate ◦ Civil society ▪ Society vs State (liberal perspective) ▪ Voluntary participation ▪ Individuals/Institutions
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