CL 113 Lecture 32
CL 113 Lecture 32 CL 113LEC
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 04/20/16
Lecture 32. 4/20 Celtic First evidence of Celtic comes from where Germany, Switzerland, France all meet o 1000 B.C. th Halstatt Period (8 century B.C.) o Big spread of Celts across Europe/Celtic expansion La Tene Period (5 century B.C) nd o 2 Celtic expansion in Europe Irish—best attested of Celtic languages Earliest attested Celtic languages are from Europe= Old Continental Celtic/Old Gaulish 600 B.C. Dialects of Old Gaulish o Lepontic—Northern Italy o Galatian –Anatolian Celtic Language in Asia Minor Hispano-Celtic/Celtiberian—Spain o Distinct/different from Old Gaulish o 200 B.C. Old Welsh (also well attested) Old Irish o Created under influence of Roman alphabet o 8 Century A.D. o Written by chopping wood o Ogham (Ogham-Irish)—earliest form of Old Irish Italic Celtic Features of linguistic of P-I-E that did not survive elsewhere Indic Iranian Fringe—languages along boundaries, more conservative and change slower than interior languages Significant differences between edges and interior o Being on a boundary makes languages hesitant to change Religious and legal vocabulary gets preserved among Italic and Iranian people Words that survive in East and West but no where else: ‘King’ o Latin: rex o Old Irish: ri o Old Gaulish: rix o Sanskrit: raj ‘I believe’ ‘I trust in’ ‘I have faith in’ (Religious term) o Latin: credo (‘I put in my heart’) o Old Irish: cretim o Sanskrit: sraddha o Avestan: zrazda Julius Caesar Wrote Gallic War Celtic society consists of three classes of people: 1. Druids priests 2. Equites warriors o Latin term o Equus ‘horse’ o Appropriates terms that he is familiar with because he doesn’t know Old Gaulish 3. Plebes producers/workers o Major class; most individuals belong to o Treated like slaves but not slaves Classes according to Irish Materials in Ireland 1. Druids 2. Flaith ‘warrior nobles’ 3. Bo-aire- workers Bo ‘cow’ Cow Aryans Sanskrit cognate Arya Druids (priests) Made up of 3 sub-divisions/elements 1. Druids Proper o Real druids; Druids among the druids o Most prestigious/top 2. Vates o Roman/Latin word ‘prophet’ o Old Irish: Filid 3. Bards
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