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CL 113 Lecture 32

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 32 CL 113LEC

Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

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Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.


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Date Created: 04/20/16
Lecture 32. 4/20 Celtic  First evidence of Celtic comes from where Germany, Switzerland, France all meet o 1000 B.C. th  Halstatt Period (8 century B.C.) o Big spread of Celts across Europe/Celtic expansion  La Tene Period (5 century B.C) nd o 2 Celtic expansion in Europe  Irish—best attested of Celtic languages Earliest attested Celtic languages are from Europe= Old Continental Celtic/Old Gaulish  600 B.C.  Dialects of Old Gaulish o Lepontic—Northern Italy o Galatian –Anatolian Celtic Language in Asia Minor  Hispano-Celtic/Celtiberian—Spain o Distinct/different from Old Gaulish o 200 B.C.  Old Welsh (also well attested)  Old Irish o Created under influence of Roman alphabet o 8 Century A.D. o Written by chopping wood o Ogham (Ogham-Irish)—earliest form of Old Irish  Italic  Celtic Features of linguistic of P-I-E that did not survive elsewhere  Indic  Iranian Fringe—languages along boundaries, more conservative and change slower than interior languages  Significant differences between edges and interior o Being on a boundary makes languages hesitant to change  Religious and legal vocabulary gets preserved among Italic and Iranian people  Words that survive in East and West but no where else:  ‘King’ o Latin: rex o Old Irish: ri o Old Gaulish: rix o Sanskrit: raj  ‘I believe’ ‘I trust in’ ‘I have faith in’ (Religious term) o Latin: credo (‘I put in my heart’) o Old Irish: cretim o Sanskrit: sraddha o Avestan: zrazda Julius Caesar Wrote Gallic War  Celtic society consists of three classes of people:  1. Druids priests  2. Equites warriors o Latin term o Equus ‘horse’ o Appropriates terms that he is familiar with because he doesn’t know Old Gaulish  3. Plebes producers/workers o Major class; most individuals belong to o Treated like slaves but not slaves Classes according to Irish Materials in Ireland 1. Druids 2. Flaith ‘warrior nobles’ 3. Bo-aire- workers  Bo ‘cow’  Cow Aryans  Sanskrit cognate Arya Druids (priests)  Made up of 3 sub-divisions/elements  1. Druids Proper o Real druids; Druids among the druids o Most prestigious/top  2. Vates o Roman/Latin word ‘prophet’ o Old Irish: Filid  3. Bards


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