The Beginning of the Islam religion
The Beginning of the Islam religion 20133
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Donae Pollard on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 20133 at Clayton State University taught by David Gilbert in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Survey PreModern World History in History at Clayton State University.
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Date Created: 04/20/16
4/11/16 Thursday, April 14, 2016 8:50 PM Last of world religion to develop was " The Rise of Islam" Arabian Peninsula: is a underpopulated area. They were nomadic herders. -‐Bedouins ; fierce warriors but had no political rep. It will soon go through a transformation. A lot of goods from the east are beginning to float to Rome. Which will become great for the peninsula. Roman empire never bothers to invade them but they do because of trade this makes the peninsula become popular forming cities. Urban Centers -‐Medina -‐Mecca( kabba) LOCATED IN BAGHADAD Muhammad was born in the year 57 in mecca. Before he came they had a shrine for all of the gods. They were polytheist they practiced this in the KABA and this was worshipped long before Muhammad. -‐They did have Jews and Christians in the Arabian Peninsula ,Muhammad was an orphan that had a job doing commercial networking. He marries a rich widow name Khadija. She helped fund his business venture more importantly she gives him his only child. People suspect he had more. But Fatima was the daughter that matter( his one daughter) She plays a very important role. When he was 40 he began to hear voices . At first he thought it was an angel so his cousin told him. From the arch angel abreal. The gist of message that he will preach monotheism and this his message. The kabba had tourist pilgrims and Muhammad challenged them. This starts When he was 40 he began to hear voices . At first he thought it was an angel so his cousin told him. From the arch angel abreal. The gist of message that he will preach monotheism and this his message. The kabba had tourist pilgrims and Muhammad challenged them. This starts affecting the business so they get mad. Hostility grows until he flees from mecca and goes to medina. The Hijrah to Medina -‐central They calculate their times on Hijrah which begins at 622 The beginning of the "Umma" when he got followers When he got to Medina the city was already had strife. He soon becomes their profit. Umma means community the calendar begins when the community starts. This was his message. He is the king, general and Pope. He then starts to conqueror the Arabian peninsula. In 630 he captures great mecca. When he conquers he goes to the Kabba and destroys everything but the stone( black) Forcing them to pray 5xdays Pre Islamic worshipped the stones he repurposes everything in the Kaaba. In Islam Jesus was prophet in the Kuran. Prophets kill the enemy in Islam it’s the same story the bible while. He died at the age of 63. No one could predict his impact on the world When he dies the new conflict arises and that is determining who will be in charge. "The Seal of the Prophet" Through out his life Muhhamad has two important wives: Aisha and Khadija There are four names that you should know, Khadija Fatima Through out his life Muhhamad has two important wives: Aisha and Khadija There are four names that you should know, Khadija Fatima Ali( son in law) Aisha(favorite wife) 50 year old Muhammad married 6 year old Aisha, her father Abrahaka was a very wealthy and the purpose of this marriage helped Muhammad make powerful political moves. Islam actually means submission to message. Muhammad never wrote down anything but messenger wrote their stories of what they heard him say , these stories are in the Quran. It written in Arabic suras means chapters they are not written in order. Hadith is essential for understanding The Quran. The testimony of his message Muhammad gives you the context for the suras , giving you concrete examples for how Islam's are suppose to live their life. Arabic for god is Allah. Sharia is the commentary by legal personal and how to apply Quran to your life , a body of law. The goal is peace to this submission Islam spreads by military conquest Byzantine empire gets attack by Persian initially doesn’t react because they used to being attacked. Most people now are Muslims and Zoroastrians From the beginning he started to treat Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians. The first one when he conquered the polytheist. He said you can convert or die. But when conquering Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians You have to surrender and live by the rules of having one god and it has to come with scripture. Rule of Dhimitude Abu Bakr( Ahsia) Ashia was the most important because half of the Hadith came from her. She is You have to surrender and live by the rules of having one god and it has to come with scripture. Rule of Dhimitude Abu Bakr( Ahsia) Ashia was the most important because half of the Hadith came from her. She is controlling the narratives she out lived everybody who outlived him. Battle of Basra, Ashia personally led an army against ali because she wants him out, he doesn’t die but she hires someone to assainate them. Asia party has Sunni: orthodox followers of the first 3 Caliphs Shiites are followers of Ali
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