Ch. 6 Memory
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elise Parziale on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych1100 at Ohio State University taught by Gim Toh in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 99 views. For similar materials see Psychology 1100 in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/19/15
Memory Ch 6 f Elaborative K J f N Visual Imagery K J f Organisational J f Sensory J f Storage ShortTerm 1 J r f Retrieval LongTerm K J 3 Processes Functions of Memory 1 Encoding the process by which we transfer what we perceive think or feel into an enduring memory a Elaborative Encoding actively relating new information to knowledge that is in memory b Visual Imagery Encoding store new information by converting into pictures c Organisational Encoding categorizing information according to relationship among series 2 Storage 3 systems have different purposes spans how much can hold and duration how long can hold a Sensory Storage holds information for a few seconds i Iconic Memory fastdecaying store of visual info ii Echoic Memory fastdecaying store of auditory info b ShortTerm Storage memory store for info we re currently thinking about attending to or actively processing a few minutes i Like a workbench where info manipulation occurs ii Normally people remember 7 i 2 pieces of info at a time iii Chunking info together and rehearsal repeating info over again help move memories to longterm storage iv Working Memory active maintenance of shortterm storage V Memory Consolidation process by which memories become stable in brain vi Reconsolidation doing memory consolidation again 1 Makes memories vulnerable when bring back into shortterm storage 9 can change when moved back into longterm c LongTerm Storage sustained retention of info stored regarding facts experiences and skills i Capacity and duration 9 unlimited ii Anterograde Amnesia can t bring shortterm memories to longterm iii Retrograde Amnesia can t recall longterm memories iv Clive Wearing had both types of amnesia due to herpes v Explicit Memory info we can intentionally recall l Episodic memory for an event where one was present 2 Semantic generalized knowledge vi Implicit Memory recalling info without doing it deliberately 1 Procedural memory of how to do something 2 Priming ability to identify a stimulus more easilyquickly due to memory 3 Retrieval reactivationreconstruction of experiences from memory storage a Retrieval Cues external info that is associated with stored info and helps bring it to mind i Encoding Speci ty Principle it is easier to remember something when the conditions match those in which one encoded it 1 StateDependent Learning similar internal state mood dependent learning 2 TransferAppropriate Processing memory is likely to transfer when encoding context of situations match b Conseguences i Helps later recall ii Hurts later recall 9 retrievalinduced forgetting when first learned to use a Mac Memory Failure The 7 Sins l Transience forgetting things as time goes by a Retroactive Interference what you learn later impairs earlier memory b Proactive Interference earlier memory impairs later learning 2 Absentmindedness lapse in attention that results in memory failure a Prospective Memory remembering to remember 3 Blocking can t retrieve memory even though you are trying to 9 tipofthe tongue 4 Memory Misattribution assigning a memory to the wrong source a Source Memory when where and how you got the info b False Recognition deja vu 5 Suggestibility incorporate misleading info from another source into recollection a Implanting False Memories i Elizabeth Loftus l Smashed vs contacted 9 smashed remembered cars going faster 2 Lost in mall 9 gave people some of their actual memories and one false one of being lost in a mall a 25 remembered getting lost when they weren t ii Eyewitness testimonies 9 not exact replica of original event 1 Less accurate between people of different races 6 M distorting in uences of present knowledge beliefs and feelings on recollection of previous experience a Change Bias tendency to exaggerate differences between feelings of past and present b Consistency Bias reconstruct past to fit present 7 Persistence intrusive recollection of events that we wish we could forget a Flashbulb Memories detailed recollections of when and where we heard about shocking events
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