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Lecture #4, 4/18 POLS 112 Class Notes; Den Otter

by: Charissa Loo

Lecture #4, 4/18 POLS 112 Class Notes; Den Otter POLS 112

Charissa Loo
Cal Poly
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About this Document

Detailed Notes I take in class. Bold terms are the terms he has on the board. Italics are what he emphasizes multiple times. Hope these help! Will be uploading for every class.
Into to American Government and Politics
Den Otter
Class Notes
political science, pols112, pols, 112, GE, D1, Den, Otter, Denotter, slo, Sanluisobispo, Calpoly, calpolyslo




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Charissa Loo on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 112 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Den Otter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Into to American Government and Politics in Political Science at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.

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Date Created: 04/20/16
POLS Lecture #4  ​/18/16  ● Electoral College  ○ Electoral college was originally found in article 2; until amended 17  ○ the way we elect the president  ○ In our ORIGINAL constitutional our president wasn't designed to be democratic  ■ State legislators were supposed to put together state of electors for that state  ● Which house controlled those?  ● Each state legislator gets to choose how our state allocates their electoral  voter  ● Election of 1800  ○ Thomas Jefferson 73, Aaron Burr 73  ■ Article 2 says that if a tie in electoral college, Election goes to the HOR and they  choose top 3  ■ Before 12th amendment no ballet for Pres and VP  ■ Second runner up used to become VP  ■ 36th ballot Jefferson wins  ○ 7 days + 36 ballots+16 states (need 9 to win) in the HOR  ○ Without 3/5ths clause TJ and AB wouldnt even had been ahead → Adams would have won   ● Total number of electors = 538   ○ 435 HOR  ○ 100 Senators  ○ 3 District of Columbia  ● Electors/Electoral votes  ● Magic #   ○ 270 have to have this number if get less election goes to house of representative  ○ 4 times in history the winner of the popular vote didnt win the electoral college and didnt  become president  ■ 1824, 1876,1888, 2000  ● Faithless electors  ● Swing/purple/battleground states  ○ no single candidate or party has overwhelming support in securing thelectoral  ​ colleg votes.   ○ receive a large share of the attention and campaigpolitical par inpresidential  electio, since winning these states is the best opportunity for a party to gain electoral  votes.   ○ Non­swing states are sometimes called safe states, because one candidate has strong  enough support that they can safely assume that they will win the state's votes.  ○ ULTIMATELY WILL CHOOSE THE NEXT PRES  ● How are electoral votes allocated?  ○ State legislators get to choose how the electors will be pledged and votes will be  allocated  ○ Every state has a certain number of electoral votes: 2 senators plus number of  districts  ○ CA: 53+2 senators  ■ Winner take all  ○ Winner take all  ■ 48 or 50 states have winner take all  ● Excluding Nebraska, Maine → congressional district method  ■ Who ever wins most popular votes wins ALL of the electoral votes, all 55 electoral  slate to that one canidate   ○ Congressional district method  ■ selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and  selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote  ○ Proportional representation  ■ Your share of the popular votes gets translated into a share of electoral votes  ■ a type of electoral system that decides the make­up of a parliament by allocating  seats on the basis of the number of votes each party received  ● 3rd parties  ● Roles of HOR & senate  ● 2000 election        


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