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Week 7 notes

by: Ariel Kamen

Week 7 notes posc 305

Ariel Kamen

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About this Document

These are the notes we went over in class.
urban government and politics
James H. Glenn
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to posc 305 at Towson University taught by James H. Glenn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 04/20/16
4/20/16                troit What did we learn?……that is was a place that was once beautiful but now if completely  destroyed. Suburbs • They all look the same • They are boring  • Housewives would get drunk all day because suburbs were so boring, they had nothing else to  do • Historically Americans had ill feels about cities reinforced by concentration of immigrants • Political interest realized that they could have control of suburb jurisdiction (tax and spending  policies) • Racial segregation is an effective marketing strategy • In 1934 congress created FHA to ensure home loans by banks • In 1944 Veterans Administration makes loans to returning GIs. People are able to buy homes  with little or no savings • The FHA and VA encourage contraction almost exclusively outside of the city •  The use of suburbs allow developers to maximize profits and its easier than rehabbing existing  neighborhoods • Along with a home, people were sold a  “way of life”, i.e. status, charter, escape problems of the  city • Developers were initially careful to only sell to people who added to profits, the affluent • First community builder Jesse Clyde Nichols wanted to challenge the grandeur of Europe, his  property is targeted to upper middle class and wealthy (1910ish) • William Levitt (1940­50s) use mass building techniques, by 1950 they're building a house every  16 minutes, much like Henry Ford, Levitt ’s assembly line approach reduces costs by using  prefab materials, and repetition by the workers, typical house is $6000 • With federal guarantees, an ex GI could buy a home for $56/month • Levitt had tight control  — no fences, grass must remain cut, not clothes on a clothes line • No selling to or use by blacks …only for members of the Caucasian race, except for domestic  servants • Nichols and Levitt show how developers have power to shave suburbs to their attitudes and  tastes • Blacks were the most typically named restricted group, then Jews or people with tuberculosis • Government agencies, and interest groups reinforced racial segregation • The Supreme Court declared restrictive convents unenforceable in 1948, but developers and  homeowner associations simply did not show the property to blacks • 1968 Hosing Act finally barred racial discrimination in sale and housing rental •  However housing patterns were established by this point • Outside of cities, small developments began contracting services, like water, from the city, and  the enclaves being to incorporate (usually thought some interests) •  Suburbs protect business from taxes and regulations •  State legislatures begin to make it easier for groups to create new towns and cities and  incorporation is not just a privilege but a right • Zoning also is a tool to control land use, citizens can now control how certain types of land is … or is not used • Some lawsuits have challenged zoning under the 14th amendment and cities had to be careful  to not discriminate against minorities •  Today all race and ethnic groups have moved to the suburbs


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