Middle East and North Africa Region (Reading 6.1-6.4)
Middle East and North Africa Region (Reading 6.1-6.4) Geog 120
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meghan Baugh on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 120 at Indiana University taught by Sara Minard in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see Regions of the World in Geography at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 02/20/15
The Middle East and North Africa Textbook Interpretation 1 Area and Population a Includes 21 countries the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip and the disputed Western Sahara b 56 million square miles 503 million people Turkey Iran and Egypt contain the majority of the region s population with 70 million people Distribution of population correlates with water resources Yemen Iraq and Palestinian territories have some of the highest population growth rates in the world i Poverty ii Palestinians want to have a larger population to counterbalance Israel Region is moving into the third demographic transition phase i Steady decline in death rates ii Medium rate of population growth iii Decline in birth rates iv Less population required for least developed countries to have a sustainable development When the number of young people is so high that even with the declining rate of growth in population very high numbers of people are young i Present in most of the region s countries ii 60 are less than 25 years old High population Not enough jobs unrest The more urban a country the more wealthy it is i Especially citystates Bahrain Qatar and Kuwait 2 Physical Geography and Human Adaptations a b Very arid region i Average yearly precipitation of less than 10 inches Nomads migrate to avoid drought and plants survive by having very deep roots and Very hot during the day but desert nights are cool since there are no clouds to trap heat in the desert surface Hot summers cool winters i Very cold winters in higher basins and plateaus of Iran Afghanistan and Turkey to the point where there are glaciers in Iran and Turkey j k 1 Only in the southernmost part of the region are the temperatures super high all year long Irrigation and water storage are methods people use to deal with lack of water Water in Dead Sea is so salty you will oat even if you try to sink Mt Ararat is where Armenians believe Noah s Ark lies and they consider it a symbol of their national identity i Furious that the mountain belongs to Turkey Overcutting and overgrazing have almost eliminated forests that used to be in region s mountainous areas people societies and cultures perceive and use the environment in different ways depending on their age gender socioeconomic standing language religion nationality and other variables i Example Islamic beliefs about sacred places have protected the environment surrounding them Villager Pastoral Nomad Urbanite i Model for understanding three ancient ways of life that still in a way characterize the MENA region ii Villager peasant farmers grow food that feed pastoral nomad and urbanite provides tax revenue soldiers and workers provided nomads with plunder when they raided villagers iii Nomads provide livestock products herbs medicine to villagers identify by tribe not nationality have very effective systems for conserving resources one being or nondestructive mutual use iv Urbanites provide technological innovations manufactured goods religious and educational training cultural amenities similar to village except larger population written languages monumental temples ceremonial centers classic Islamic city bazaars and suqs rapid urbanization puts pressure on governments having more than 10 million inhabitants strategy based on the exploitation of multiple resources so that some will support them pastoral nomads if other fails m rapid and progressive settling down attributed to a variety of causes i Droughts force nomads to move to other areas but this is difficult because of national boundaries Wherever they went the government became frustrated at the inability to count tax and control the population so the government forced the nomads to settle 3 63 Cultural and Historical Geographies a
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