Psych Week of 2/16/15 Notes
Psych Week of 2/16/15 Notes 0010
Popular in INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
Popular in Department
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Spencer Poston on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 0010 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Cynthia Lausberg in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.
Reviews for Psych Week of 2/16/15 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/20/15
Intro to Psychology Week of 21615 Memory Memory a system that senses organizes alters stores and retrieves information o Encoding converting environmental and mental stimuli into memorable brain codes Storage quotholding onquot to encoded information Retrieval Pulling information from storage when needed Hippocampus essential to formation of new memories Sensory Memory 0 External stimuli trigger our senses which go into our sensory memory 0 Large capacity 0 Very brief duration 0 Visual stimuli half a second 0 Auditory stimuli 4 seconds 0 Because we take in so much information from our senses the duration is short so we can take in new information 0 Attention is key If we re not paying attention to the sensory stimuli there s no way it will be encoded ShortTermWorking Memory Capacity59 bits of information Duration30 seconds or more unless the effort is made to store it o 2 Goals 0 Hold for brief period 0 OR store by moving it to longterm quotChunkingquot a strategy used to put large amount of information into chunks to make it easier to store ie phone numbers 0 Encoding Meaning if we make the information more meaningful we are more likely to store it and retrieve it easily 0 Short term memory can be automatic or effortful Primacy effect items processed rst are remembered more easily Recency effects items processed last or most recently are remembered more easily Working Memory 0 Hold and manipulate information 0 quotMental work spacequot 0 Here we do tasks like mental math and quick problem solving Longterm Memory 0 When we move information from our shortterm memory it goes into our longterm memory Capacityarge maybe unlimited Durationyears Goalretrieve Types 0 Procedural implicit memory we know how to do something without really thinking about it Ex Tying your shoes driving a car 0 Declarative explicit memory memory for facts semantic and personal experiences episodic These are the memories we are aware of having 0 Example of a longterm memory What are the names of the seven dwarves Retrieval cues encoding speci city o Context Dependent time location environment 0 Ex It is best to take a test in the same location that you studied in 0 State Dependent emotions physiology 0 Ex Were you sick when the memory was being encoded Were you upset Flashbulb Memorv automatic encoding because the content of the event is very emotional Ex A car accident Misinformation Effect when asked a misleading question people may recall information that isn t totally accurate 0 Ex Asking an eye witness how fast two cars were going when they quotbumped into each otherquot versus when they quotsmashed into each otherquot can in uence the way the person answers Why do we forget o Encoding failure Decay the information is stored but it hasn t been used in so long that it s harder to retrieve Interference o Proactive old information interferes with accessing new information o Retroactive New information interferes with accessing old information Enhancing Memory 0 Make material meaningful Study repeatedly with intervals inbetween Activate retrieval cues
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'