Psychological Theories of Crime
Psychological Theories of Crime CJ 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 335 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/20/15
Psychological Theories of Crime 0 Study of the mind 0 Look at the individual differences in behavior and personality characteristics I look at individuals rather than society 0 Tries to understand early childhood experiences 0 Abnormal personality traits or emotional maladjustments are primary causes of crime Psychological Theory o Sigmund Freud o Focused on the unconscious dreams etc o Believed that all humans have natural drives and urges that are repressed in the unconscious o Believed that all humans have criminal tendencies I In other words all people are inherently criminal I Whether or not a person acts out on those criminal tendencies depends on that person s learned behavior and childhood experiences 0 Id Ego and Superego I Id 0 Human nature includes drives that demand gratification 0 These drives quotpleasure seeking drives 0 Drives are irrational antisocial and instinctive impulses o pleasure seeking drives Id the unconscious I Superego o Moral and ethical codes that restrain the Id 0 quotmoral compass o The superego is what prevents people from acting out on criminal tendencies 0 Children internalize these codes as a result of their attachment to their parents 0 Underdeveloped superego increase engagement in criminal behavior 0 Overdeveloped superego neurotic behavior avoid risks too Indecisive o Rational part of one s personality 0 The ego is what helps mediate the drives of Id and restraints of superego o Ego helps wdecisionmaking I How to keep d Superego and Ego straight 0 Ex you see something in the store that you like but it is too expenseive 0 ID I want it now 0 Ego I need to create a plan for how I can get the money to buy that item work overtime save etc o Superego The item is a desire not a necessity You don t absolutely need it Normality vs Abnormality o Normality is defined in negative terms not neurotic not impulsive etc 0 Defining what is normal is hard I Normal to you may not be normal to me I Just because something is commonly done doesn t mean it is normal 0 Norms change over time o Abnormality deviation from the norm Psychopathy and Psychopaths o Psychopathy study of abnormal personality types 0 Psychopath person having psychopathy 0 Outer persona of normalcy gt convincing mask of sanity o Comes across as likable adjusted and wellliked I Continued interaction with that person eventually reveals hisher dark side 0 Robert Hare 0 Created a test to clinically diagnose someone as a psychopath clinical diagnosis important for credibility I Test PCLR or Psychopathy ChecklistRevised I Scored from 0 to 40 o 0 no psychopathic tendencies o 40 psychopath 0 3040 clinical psychopath 0 Personality type test MMPI gt Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Dark Triad 0 Group of 3 personality traits o Narcissistic o Machiavellian o Psychopathic 0 People wone or more of these personality traits are quotinterpersonally averse o Interpersonal aversion dislike interaction wother people Distance one s self from interpersonal relationships Narcissistic Personalitv o Grandiose selfview self important 0 View others wdistain and as inferior to you 0 Sense of selfsuperiority o Denial of weaknesses 0 Lack of remorse Machiavellian Personalitv o Manipulation and exploitation of others 0 Cynical disregard for morals 0 Focus on selfinterest and deception o quotthe end justifies the means Psvchopathic Personalitv o Selfishness callousness o Superficial charm gt able to convince people that you are normal 0 remorseless
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