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Past week of lectures

by: Avi Fox

Past week of lectures PHI 101

Marketplace > University of Miami > PHIL-Philosophy > PHI 101 > Past week of lectures
Avi Fox
Noel Alphonse

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About this Document

These are my detailed up to date lecture notes from the last week of class. I'm a great note taker, hopefully this helps!
Noel Alphonse
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Avi Fox on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 101 at University of Miami taught by Noel Alphonse in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Miami.


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Date Created: 02/20/15
Philosophy 101 Categorical imperative one that must be obeyed under all condition Categorical imperativel what makes an action right is that everyone could act on it universalizable and you would be willing to have everyone act on itreversible 0 Perfect duty a duty that has no exceptions so must always be performed 0 Imperfect duties has exceptions Categorical imperative2 what makes an action right is that it treats people as ends in themselves people have intrinsic value and not merely as a means to an end what you get out of them instrumentally valuable Consequentialist an action is right if and only if it leads to the greatest good for the greatest number Nonconsequentialist Deontology An action is right based on adherence to a rule or a set of rules Nonconsequentialist An action is right or wrong without reference to the consequences Intrinsic value actions are intrinsically right or wrong by their own nature Formal theory uses the form of actions to determine if an action is right or wrong Hypothetical Imperative command will never serve as a basis for morality 1 Based on desire 2 If situations deals with specific and hypothetical situations if you want to be a good partner you should avoid getting caught cheating 3 Always consequences Categorical Imperative can be applied in all actions 0 Absolute demands 0 If you want to be moral you must follow them regardless of inclination 0 Based off the idea of good will Categorical imperative I Always act in such a way that the maxim rule you follow could apply to everyone as if it were a law of nature Always act in such a way that the rule you follow could be followed universally Universizable apply to everyone Reversible apply to you Categorical Imperative II Never use a person as a means to an end Being human doesn t define a person All rational beings are members of the moral community Breaking these imperatives lead to contradictions and question someone s autonomy Autonomy right to selfdetermination Good will has the intention of acting in conformity With the categorical imperative Michael Humer America s unjust Drug war 2 main arguments against the legalization of drugs 1 Drug use is very harmful to users 2 The government should prohibit people from doing that harm themselves 3 The government should prohibit drug use p x Drug use reliably causes harm to third parties 2 The government should prohibit people from doing harm to others 3 The government should prohibit drug use Questions the morality of these laws through the categorical imperative argument for prohibition Unnatural unnatural to use drugs to enhance themselves Lots of things in life are unnatural and acceptable Argument for the legalization of Drugs 1People have the right to do Whatever they like With their bodies provide that they do not violate the rights of others 2 Drug use doesn t violate the rights of others 3Therefore people have a right to use drugs


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