History of rock and roll
History of rock and roll 5150
Popular in MUS 262
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Music
This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by chloe sidoti on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 5150 at Washington State University taught by Brian Carter in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see MUS 262 in Music at Washington State University.
Reviews for History of rock and roll
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/20/15
History Rock and Roll 2415 Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller Great songwriting team of the 50 s The quotRogers and Hartquot of RampR Paved the way for the Brill building writers and Phil Spector production Updated Tin Pan Alley Helped expand RampB s range by incorporating pop stye emphasis These guys wrote Hound Dog Leiber wrote the words and Stoller wrote the music Free agents First independent producers The Coasters Early name of group was the Robins Encouraged by Leiber and Stoller to join atantic records Use of Playlets Storysong writing style that uses tonguein check minidramas full of wit andingght Yakatyyak The Drifters Uptown RampB LampS turned to the more serious approach compared to the Coasters Developed a hightech production style LampS produced the drifters did not write for them Not playlet style Enhanced the drama romance and urban realism quotThis magic momentquot The Teen Idols RampR turning point Feb 3 1959 death of Buddy Holly is considered a turning point RampR needed uni ed leaders that would chaHenge Would not happen until the Beatles in 1964 Money to be made not a passing fad Back to bland pop beat softened but still danceable Audience moving toward young teen girls Teen Idols Bobby Valine Chosen to sing a tribute to Buddy Holly Frankie Alvon Fabian Were called to nish the tour Most successful teen ldol Bobby Vinton Good smooth voice Three preBeatle hits Roses are Red My Love Bue Velvet There I said it Again Brill Building Pop Country turned to top 40 formats Paylist dictated by popular demand not by money Songwriter dominated the industry not the singers Was a real place Tin Pan Ally s teenage music Retained the playful spirit of rock Aldon Music Publishing A symbol for the popular music in New York Formed in 1958 Pop singers rarely wrote their own music song writers were usually grouped in pairs one musicother lyrics Made to order osng with teen themes Started by Leiber and Stoller Not really their legacy thoug Remained leader until Beatles and Motown Al Nevins and Don Kirshner assembled a group of songwriting teams Most successful pop enterprise at that time Neil Sedaka and Howie Green eld Less Varied in souns since they were weiting for Sedaka First hit was quotStupid Cupidquot 1958 from Connie Francis String of 13 hits kept him on the charts through 1963 Garry Gof ne and Carole King Most proli c hitmakers at Aldon Their variety and ability to change the times kept them in business King went on the revive her singing career quotWill you still love me Tomorrowquot Teen romance against urban landscape King revived her singing career Tapestry 2615 Philadelphia and American Bandstand City was most successful teen idol machine Engine of the teen idol machine was American Bandstand Began as a local televised dance party 1952 Created stereotype of the neatly packaged pretty face Groomed for instant success Picked up nationally by ABC in 1957 Dick Clark was host of Bandstand The Payola Scandal Aan Freed Bribery of an in uential person in exchange for the promotion of a product or service such that of disc jockeys for the promotions of records Dick Clark and Alan Freed were heavily involved The girl groups Most successful avenue for young black singers in early 6039s A sound and style rather than an individual voice or image Success usually linked to a speci c producer Projected his vision rather than the groups vision Firmy entrenched in the pop system Producers wrotepicked the song for the group Fourished and made some of the best music of the 60 s Perfect for that era of music less rebellious Not considered a threat to decency The music often has an underlining current of sexuality behind the innocence Guys wanted sex girls dreamed love Roots trace back to doowop Nearly all girl groups were from New York Different from male doowop Simpler vocal More room for bigger instruments More lead vocal with backup More full voice unisonless 4part harmony The Chantels Basically oneshot group quotMaybequot was their big hit in 1957 lmportant model for the girl groups that followed Simpe sound of earlier doowop Arene Smith lead singer The Shirelles Patterned themselves after the Chantels Bridged doowop and uptown New York POP High school students from Passaic New Jersey One of the most successful acts between 19601963 6 singles in the top 10 during this time lnstrumental in de ning the girl group sound quotI met him on A Sundayquot Groups that followed Like doowop there were many oneshot groups Shirees caused a second wave of white girl groups to follow Many solo singers came and went Songs varied between noisy celebrations of tender ballads and the boys Maes were idealized images of adolescent romanticism he was so ne my angel my dreamboat my one true love The misunderstood rebel had a heart of gold only girlfriend knew him ln movies and music The Chiffons quotHe s so finequot Singersong writer Ronnie Mack asked them to sing on a demo tape of some of his songs High school friends from Bronx formed in 1960 Mack died of cancer shortly after the release The Marvelettes Motown s only true pop girl group One of the early successes for Motown The biggest hit quotPlease Mr Postmanquot Covered by the Beatles Motown reached its peak during and after the British invasion Reached 1 on the pop charts and rst Motown group to do that The Angels One of the white girl groups of early 60 s quotmy boyfriends backquot White girl groups lacked the gospel derived emotion of the black groups Relied heavily on the melodramatic spoken interludes The ShangriLas The leader of the pack Pays out like Romeo and Juliet Series of teen angst epics mini teen dramas Payed the badgirl image to the hilt Covered by twisted sister bette midler Ray Charles Ignited RampB with the impassioned testifying of a southern Holly Roller revival meeting Sam Cooke Known as the graceful voice in soul music Very different from Ray Voice is more oating quality compared to Ray Important to the dev Of soul music Gifted singersong writer businessman Wrote many of the songs he recorded Became a matinee idol Shot to death in dec 1964 at the peak of his career Major in uence to many Marvin Gaye Otis Redding Smokey Robinson Steve Perry and others quotthe sexiest man in gospelquot Brought hid melodic style of gospel to pop songs with graceful ease Jackie Wilson Enormous range and sheer power great instrument of RampR Swinging register leaps rich vibrato falsetto breaks was his trademark Energetic and agile showman One of the misdirected in the business Back ips cartwheels moonwalks handstands while singing It was better to see Wilson in concert First minor hit was Reet Petite Written by Barry Gordy Became successful through the Dominos Used all styles of gospel singing to fuel his spectacular vocal gymnastics Wilsons tragic end Two sons gunned down in Detroit Shot and nearly killed by a crazed fan Collapsed on stage during 1975 concert Lapsed into a coma and remained in hosp al In and out of coma for 9 years and died in 1984 Money was raised for a funeral in 1987 Alleged he never received royalty payments James Brown Early music from gospel RampB Paved the way for others such as Otis Redding Wilson Pickett Sly and the Family stone Became known as the quothardest working man in show businessquot Also known as quotGodfather of soul Harsh voice one of the hardest in RampB Like Ray Charles brought the church to the music But in a much more frantic level 17 number 1 hits on RampB but 0 on the pop chart Unique soundGroove referred to as the One Broken bass lines Explosive horn riffs with tight rhythmic punches Was overshadowed by British Invasion Phil Spector Spector Records Made the grandest pop records of all quotitte symphonies for kidsquot Work with RonettesDarlene LoveCrystals represent the peak of the girl groups Rock39s rst selfconscious foray into the realm of Art Invented the role of the modern producer From knobturner contractor to artistic director First producer to become a star in his own right Groups singers were secondary in Spector39s studio A true eccentric quotFirst tycoon of teenquot The Wall of Sound Use of many instruments Sessions could use up to 6 guitars 3 pianos 2 basses brass winds Percussion tambourines castanets bells marimbas etc Anyone around the studio may have ended up on the recording Take after take of layering to create basic tracks Overdubbed strings followed with the voices at the end Gold Star Studios in Hollywood use of echo chamber Large list of studio musicians were used became known as the quotWrecking Crewquot The Ronettes Inspired Phil Spector39s best work Gogo girls in New York39s Peppermint Lounge Sisters Ronnie and Estelle Bennett with cousin Nedra Talley Became the quotBad girls of popquot Ronnie had a voice like Frankie Lymon from the teenagers Spector married Ronnie Bennett The Righteous Brothers Spector39s last great success The Beatles arrival and decline of girl groups needed something different Soulful duo Bill Medley Ray Charles style voice rich baritone Bobby Hat eld used a wailing falsetto RampB and The push toward Soul Rock n Roll was another name for RampB RampB itself was changing Artists really tailored music to t the trend Doowop was the most successful market Chuck Berry Fats Domino Little Richard only three to gain mass appeal Black performers kept RampB in the pop market during 5039s Atlantic Records Premier RampB label of the 195039s Continued its preeminence in 196039s with soul music Excellent NY session players Paid performers fairly Top quality recordings Polished sound The Soul Pioneers Most signi cant development in the music of many AfricanAmerican artists in early 6039s was soul Key element of soul The in uence of gospel music Emotional intensity from gospel tradition Blended with the in uence of dance grooves Soul mirrored the growing civil rights movement in America Soul also functioned as a unifying quotsecular churchquot Three leading soul pioneers Ray Charles Sam CookeJackie WilsonJames Brown Ray Charles Not really RampR music Had a great impact on pop music Charted every decade since the 195039s Rise to popularity coincided with the rise ofRampR Singer songwriter arranger pianist and bandleader Drew from the entire spectrum of music aka quotRight Reverend Ray Charlesquot Major in uence on both singers and pianists Church based music in uenced Aretha FranklinJames Brown Blind lost sight as a child Ignited RampB with the impassioned testifying of a southern Holly Roller revival meeting The Instrumental Groups 1950 s Usually built on a simple riff Rock has always had roc instrumental hits Early 60 s became an important time for instrumental groups 1950 s groups set the trends for music that followed Rock s rst Garage Bands Duane Eddy Most successful instrumental rocker of the late 50 s Developed a style known as quottwangyquot guitar Formed the model for surf band guitarists that followed 1960 s Instrumental Groups surf Music Surf music was primarily an instrumental style Accompanied dabcesbeach parties Lack of vocals necessitated experienting with sounds on guitar Guitar had virtually disappeared as lead instrument in early 60 s Surf bands drew from Chuck Berry and the RockabHHes Reestablished the guitar as a central role in RampR Use of tremolo reverb and whammybar created a unique sound Aggressive drumming was another key ingredient The Safaris Wipe Out The Chantays Pipeline The Ventures A seattle based band Solidi ed the two guitarbassdrum lineup Not originally a surf band Became a favorite with the surf crowd Heavilyreverbed band sound Dick Dale and the Deltones King of the surf guitar Produced by the public in Southern California Never had a national hit but was popular local star A professional surfer lives the surf style Exaggerated Duane Eddy s twangy guitar sound Added rapid re runs that captured the waves of surf Dale s Deltones spawned many garage bands around SoCaI Left handed player with guitar inverted Right handed guitar turned upside down and played upsidedown Garage Rock Simple raw from RampR Created in mid60 s by a number if American bands Inspired by British Invasion bands Results were much cruder than their inspHanns First wave of doityourself punk rockers Louie Louie The Kingsen Composed in 1956 by Richard Berry First recorded by Berry s group The Pharaohs Kingsmen was a Portland based garage band Recorded in Seattle as demo for a cruise ship audition Lifted their version from the Wailers a Seattle band who missed out on the success of this Paul Revere and the Raiders recorded their version the day after the Kingsmen at the same studio Slurred singing style mimic the Jamacian accent Became a national hit when a disc Jokey in Boston played it and declared that it was the worse song ever Caused a ban on FBI declared it quotincomprehensible at any speedquot The group has a career today because of the incident Moral of the story You can t prosecute what you can t hear lggy pop recorded a version with new lyrics for his 1993 album Dick Peterson from the Kingsmen was one of the guitarist Louie Louie was a Bartender
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'