New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Heidi Mikell

BY_124_1_12_16_Notes_PDF.pdf BY 124

Marketplace > University of Alabama at Birmingham > Biology > BY 124 > BY_124_1_12_16_Notes_PDF pdf
Heidi Mikell

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Exam 1 Notes Introduction to plants Plant evolution Plant and charophyte characteristics
Dr. Cusic
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Biology

Popular in Biology

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heidi Mikell on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BY 124 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Dr. Cusic in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Biology in Biology at University of Alabama at Birmingham.


Reviews for BY_124_1_12_16_Notes_PDF.pdf


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/21/16
BY 124 Dr. Cusic 1/12/16 Exam I 1. Plant cell overview a. Eukaryotic b. Multicellular c. Autotrophic (make their own food through photosynthesis) d. Contain chlorophylls A (main one), B (gives green color), e. Contain carotenoids (red/orange that appear in autumn) f. Store glucose as starch g. Cell walls made of the complex carbohydrate Cellulose h. Have a large central vacuole for storage i. Communicate using plasmodesmata 2. Land plants a. Evolved around 500 million years ago b. Evolved from charophytes i. Charophytes are a type of green algae c. Ancestral algae i. Red algae ii. Chlorophytes iii. Charophytes iv. Embryophytes d. Algae and Charophyte Similarites i. Both have circular rings of cellulose synthesizing protein ii. Flagellated sperm (not in all land plants though) iii. Formation of phragmoplasts 1. Phragmoplasts are microtubules that aid in forming the cell plate iv. Have a sporopollenin polymer 1. Useful when in organism is in danger of drying out e. Differences in charophytes and plants i. Apical Meristems 1. These are undifferentiated tissues used for growth ii. Alternation of generations 1. Diploid (2n) sporophyte undergoes meiosis to produce haploid (n) spores that become a haploid (n) gametophyte. The gametophyte undergoes mitosis to produce haploid (n) gametes which fertilize and grow into a diploid (2n) sporophyte. 2. A spore is a cell that will grow by mitosis into a multicellular organism without fusing with another cell a. Spores produce haploid (n) gametophytes. iii. Wallspores in the sporangium 1. Act as a protective cover to prevent drying out iv. Multicellular gametangia 1. Archegonium makes eggs 2. Antheridium makes sperm v. Multicellular dependent embryos 1. Contained in archegonium 2. Have placenta transfer cells for nutrients


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.