Chapter 4 Notes
Chapter 4 Notes MIS 322
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca Savino on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MIS 322 at Washington State University taught by Dr. Saldanha in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Enterprise Business Process Analysis in Computer Science and Engineering at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/20/15
218 Wednesday Chapter 4 GM video on online new vehicle sales 0 30 faster than buying it traditionally Identifying and selecting projects Often times it s a group of stakeholders that come up with ideas of potential projects 0 Stakeholders is effected by things that happen to the project has a stake in the company 0 Users are stakeholders o Investors 0 Employees 0 Vendors Top down source 0 Projects identi ed from top management 0 The project will be much larger and greater strategic focus 0 Bottom up 0 Projects are identi ed by any employees from low level employee to managers or business units Steering committee 0 A group made up of many different departments across the corporation has a cross function focus 0 Large and riskier projects Functional Area 0 Need may arise from one department 0 Narrow and nonstrategic Development Group 0 The need comes from the IT Department 0 Less delays because they are more familiar with the systems 0 Generally they will try to integrate with existing systems Classifying and ranking IS Development Projects 0 Value chain Analyzing the organizations activities to see where the system will be adding value 0 You can then see what projects will be the most bene cial adding the most value Selected IS Development Projects 0 Consider both short and long term 0 Find ones that will help you achieve your business objectives more ef ciently What factors would do into the selection process 0 Size of the project 0 The resources we have and the resources we will need for the project 0 Cost 0 How critical is the project to the company Costbene t analysis 0 Scope of the project what areas it will be effecting Identifying and Selecting IS Development Project 0 Value Chain Analysis 0 Strategic alignment 0 Ensuring project ts with the focus on your organization 0 le Walmart and cost leadership 0 Potential bene t Resource Availability 0 Do you have the resources to complete project 0 Project size Technical dif culty 0 The level of technical dif culty to successfully complete project One way of Objective analysis 0 Write up a list of requirements and restraints o What requirements the project must have 0 Time frames 0 Budget restraints 0 Give a score and rating for each requirementsconstraints 0 Score weight X rating 0 Whichever choice has the highest score wins 0 You want the highest numbers for both the requirements and constraints Constraints are how well you meet your costs 0 These numbers are subjective numbers because everyone decides how they value the projects requirements and constraints Deliverables and Outcomes o lncrementalcommitment 0 Project is continuously evaluated at each phase of the project Consequences of Poor Information Systems Planning 0 Cost of IS Systems 0 High Maintenance costs 0 Cross functionality is not great Redundant data wasting resources Corporate and IS Planning 0 Must plan very carefully because it looks different across different companies Corporate Strategic Planning Ongoing process de nes the mission objectives and strategies of an organization 0 Includes 0 Mission Statement 0 Objective Statements You have concrete steps identi ed to achieve their mission 0 Description of competitive strategy Method by which organization attempts to achieve it s mission and objectives Lowcost producer Product differentiation 0 Can be high cost differentiation Product focus or niche Information Systems Planning ISP Asses IS planning 0 One way 0 Look at current and future enterprise to establish your strategic plan 0 Types 0 Top down attempting to look at the organization at a large high level Advantages Better integration spans over the entire organization better understanding 0 Bottom up Very speci c day to day operations problems Advantages Cheaper and faster
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