February 18th Notes
February 18th Notes KINE 250
Popular in Healthy Living
GWSS/PSYCH 257 Psychology of Gender
verified elite notetaker
AY 101 Raymond White - Introduction to Astronomy
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...)
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Kinesiology
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Britch on Friday February 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KINE 250 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Kristine Jankovitz in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 222 views. For similar materials see Healthy Living in Kinesiology at California State Polytechnic University.
Reviews for February 18th Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/20/15
Wednesday February 18 2015 Risk Reduction Getting Help Health and Counseling Center Referral Weekly group for those in recovery Alcoholics Anonymous meeting on campus SLO Hotline 0 211 18007830607 for referral to offcampus assistance SLO county drug and alcohol services 8057814275 SLO county tobacco control 8057815564 Alcohol An Overview Very low levels of alcohol particularly red wine may lower some health risks in older aduHs Half of all Americans consume alcoholic beverages regularly about 25 abstain Men typically drink more regularly and drink more than women 90 of those who drink are infrequent drinkers light drinkers moderate drinkers In college towns there are a surplus of liquor stores proximity and environment influence behavior Wednesday February 18 2015 creates perceptions on what people should do Alcohol Drinking Patterns Across the Lifespan Roots of drinking behavior are established in the adolescent years People are most likely to start drinking as adolescents and during early adulthood Women drink less often than men and start drinking later in life It takes less time for women to develop a drinking problem compared to men In the 1980 s they made the drinking age 21 federal government would only allow highway funds to those states who take on this new law forced these states to make the legal drinking age at 21 Ethnic Differences in Alcohol Use Alcohol use is higher among whites than African Americans Hispanic men have higher percentages of alcohol use than other ethnic groups Among Native Americans alcoholism re recognized as top health concern Asian Americans have lower consumption rates that white Americans possibly due ot genetic biological reactions to alcohol How is Alcohol lVletabolized A small amount of alcohol is broken down by the stomach however 90 is metabolized by the liver carbonized alcohol allows a faster diffusion rate Between 2 10 is not metabolize zed at all and is excreted by the skin urine or breath The liver allows conversion of alcohol to acetaldehyde by an enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase ADH can also result in congeners which result in a headache hangover Women s body produces half amount of ADH then men Wednesday February 18 2015 The ability to metabolize alcohol is dependent on the amount and kind of ADH enzymes in the liver Vitamin K can be greatly depleted Blood Alcohol Concentration Blood Alcohol Concentration BAC amount of alcohol in milligrams in 100 milliliters of blood expressed as a percentage 100 milligrams of alcohol in 100 mLs of blood is equivalent to a BAC of 10 Breath analyzers are valid based upon alcohol concentrations in the breath that correspond well to levels of alcohol in the brain the amount of body water and body fat a person has influences the BAC levels in the body Can still get arrested if BAC is lower to 08 due to physical difficulties police have to judge this themselves Can they take care of themselves Gender Differences in Alcohol Absorption and Metabolism Women are generally more susceptible of the effects of alcohol and have a higher BAC than men due to the following less body weight higher body fat percentage ADH differences menstrual cycle use of hormonal contraceptives inhibits the absorption of alcohol These differences create further health consequences much shorter path such as liver disease heart disease brain damage Wednesday February 18 2015 Women and Alcoholism Women become alcoholic at later ages and after fewer years of heavy drinking than do male drinkers Women get addicted faster They have greater risks for cirrhosis hardening of the liver excessive memory loss shown as dementia and shrinkage of the brain heart disease and facers of the mouth through esophagus liver and colon Risk factors include living alone being in 20 s or 30 s living with a spouse or partner who drinks heavily family history pressure to drink depression and stress see family members drink alcohol heavily will influence you think its ok alcohol used as a selfmedication Alcohol and Pregnancy Teratogenic substances cause birth defects alcohol is one of the most dangerous and common 12 of children have been exposed to alcohol in utero 2 of pregnant women report binge drinking in SLO we are a wine county Women perceive it as ok to drink while pregnant damage to central nervous system there is no time during gestation that alcohol doesn t have a risk Fetal alcohol Syndrome FAS mental retardation impaired learning poor memory small head tremors impulsive behaviors reduced attention span and abnormalities of face limbs heart and brain FAS in the third most common birth defect in the US Long Term Effects of Alcohol Abuse Heart disease Stroke Wednesday February 18 2015 increased arrhythmia s Abnormal heart rhythm Liver disease cirrhosis Cancer Brain damage Altered immune system impacts ability of body to store nutrients Malnutrition High Risk Binge Drinking 4 or more drinks in a row for a women in about 2 hours 5 or more drinks in a row for a man in about 2 hours What s in a drink One mixed drink with 15 fl oz of 80proof liquor vodka gin scotch bourbon brandy or um 5 fl oz of wine 12 fl oz of beer or wine cooler This Red Cup holds 16 oz which is equivalent of 13 drinks of beer 13 drinks of hard lemonade 4 drinks of margarita 35 drinks of jungle juice Aware Awake Alive Excessive alcohol use including binge drinking is the 3rd leading preventable cause of death in the US over half of these deaths are due to injury and poisoning related to alcohol misuse Wednesday February 18 2015 Drug overdoses up 56 for ages 1824 and 51 for 18 Alcohol overdoes up 25 for ages 1824 and 23 for 18 33 of all overdoses involve alcohol for 1824 year olds M Mental Confusion U Unresponsive S Snoringgasping for air T throwing up H hypothermia E erratic breathing L loss of consciousness P palenessblueness of skin Physiology of Drunkenness Alcohol Poisoning Acute Alcohol Intoxication death from alcohol Two ways this happens Central nervous system and respiratory depression inhalation of fluid into lungs drowning on own vomit Acute Alcohol Intoxication The rapid intense and severe poising of the body by alcohol Caused by consumption of large quantities of alcohol over a short period of time Acute Alcohol Intoxication is a MEDICAL EMERGENCY the individual is at risk Behaviors that can result in Acute Alcohol Intoxication Drinking games 6 Wednesday February 18 2015 ChugaLug playing Catchup Beerbongs shooters bath tub or trash can parties binge drinking drinking a lot in a short period of time Signs and Symptoms of Acute AIcohoI Intoxication Semiconsciousness or Unconsciousness Cannot stay awake CNS depression sign no recognition of pain rub knuckles on sternum Strong odor of alcohol Sometimes vomiting but not always not a symptom of trying to avoid alcohol poisoning someone who has become tolerant of alcohol will not do this Pale cold clammy skin Weak and rapid pulse Respiratory distress Cyanotic Iips finger nails are blue slow respiration or lapses in respiration Breathing 10 or else times per minute Acute Alcohol Intoxication is a Medical Emergency If you suspect Acute Alcohol Intoxication Do not leave the person unattended call 911 Get help on the way Be ready to support airway and breathing Wednesday February 18 2015 place person on their side If they vomit clear the mouth and check airway If breathing stops perform rescue breathing one deep breath every 5 seconds lf pulse stops performs CPR check every minute PULSE GUEST SPEAKERS Peers Understanding Listening Supporting and Educating REAL Reach Out Empower Accept Listen when you need to talk to someone HEAT Health Enrichment Action Team nutritional action team EROS Educational Resources on Sexuality STls contraception healthy relationships Pulse offers a food pantry come to receive a food backpack with no questions asked Schedule an appointment for the relax chair free Definition of sex vaginal penetration anal penetration oral penetration genetical stimulation There is not a correct definition Risks about sex pregnancy STl s emotional consequences Sexually transmitted infections bacterial and viral STls men vs women getting tested Symptomatic genital discharge pain during intercourse soreswartsblisters Asymptomatic no signssymptoms not uncommon variable incubation period Bacterial often curable with antibiotics Gonorrhea Chlamydia Viral not curable but treatable HIV AIDS Chlamydia is most common STl at Cal Poly Wednesday February 18 2015 Chlamydia and Gonorrhea transmission unprotected sex anal vaginal oral Treatment antibiotics for 7 days age group most affected 1524 years old symptoms 5075 asymptomatic appear 13 weeks AFTER exposure CDC ranks both as most common STls Main differences Gonorrhea can affect the genitals rectum and throat Chlamydia can damage the reproductive system Herpes viral Transmission skin to skin contact Treatment antiviral medications can preventshorten outbreaks Asymptomatic or symptomatic blister clusters types HSV 1 oral virus HSV 2 genital virus HPV Human papillomavirus viral transmission penetrative sex skintoskin contact treatment depends on condition agegroup most affected 1524 years mainly asymptomatic most common STI in the US Wednesday February 18 2015 in 90 of cases body s immune system clears HPV within 2 years But there is no way to know which people will go on to develop health problems HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus transmission unprotected sex and need sharing treatment medications Symptoms night sweats chronic diarrhea high fevercontinued illness chronic fatigue skin discoloration weight loss STls and Women Reproduction untreated STls can lead to cervical cancer andor pelvic inflammatory disease which can lead to infertility mostly viral STls can be passed from mother to infant Symptoms women often have a normal discharge burningitching from a yeast infection could mask STI Anatomy lining of vagina is thin delicate and a great environment for bacteria growth genital ulcers in vagina may not be as visible Hormonal Methods on Protecting Yourself the pill daily the patch weekly 1O Wednesday February 18 2015 the ring monthly the shot trimonthly implant 3 years IUD intrauterine device hormonal 5 years copper 10 years Barrier Methods for Protecting Yourself condoms latex polyurethane lambskin female condom latex squares diaphragm Abstinence is the only 100 way to protect against pregnancy and STl s Best way to protect yourself is hormonal and barrier at the same time 11
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'