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SOCI Week 14 Notes

by: Amber Levister

SOCI Week 14 Notes SOCI 1160 030

Amber Levister
GPA 4.01

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About this Document

These notes cover the lectures from Tuesday 4/19 and Thursday 4/21
Intro to Social Problems
Mindy Stombler
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Levister on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Mindy Stombler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 04/21/16
Intro to Social Problems 04/19/2016 ▯ Tuesday 4/19 Tough Guise video discussion: o Aggrieved entitlement=some groups of men feel entitled to power, are victims of feminism use control and violence as a way to get power back  The Food System: o All the workings of the system are hidden, effecting:  types of foods we have access to  affordability  environmental impact  individual/ public health o 18% of U.S. kids (6-11 yrs.) old are “obese” o 21% of adolescents (12-19 yrs.) are “obese” o 35% of U.S. adults are overweigh/ obese o by 2050 1/3 Americans will have diabetes o Individual Person-Blame  no self control, eat less, exercise, less fast food/ eat healthier, weight loss supplements and surgeries  1980-2000 more than doubled gym membership obesity rates doubled  “food access”= the access we have to the foods available to us  constrained by structure o Food Policies  Agricultural subsidies  Foods we’re told to avoid are the easiest to find and the least expensive Most subsidized:  1) processed starches (cereal aisle)  2)most animal products  3)sugars ▯ Food Inc. Documentary clip  Bad calories are cheaper because they’re heavily subsidized. Come from wheat, corn, soybeans  The biggest predictor of obesity is income level  We’re wired for 3 tastes: salt, fat, sugar ▯ McDonald’s clip  The McDonald brothers brought a factory system to their drive in restaurant  McDonald’s is the largest purchaser of ground beef and potatoes in the U.S.  The top 4 beef porkers control 80% of the market  Tyson= biggest meat packing company in the world  Chickens slaughtered in have the time it was in the 50s, but are 2x as big Agricultural policy History o 1)Industrial food system o 2)consolidation o 3) specialization o Earl Butts told farmer to “get big or get out”: farms go from family owned to corporate owned (corporate farming) and increased subsidies to protect farmers; farmers start planting according to their subsidies o CAFO’s= Confined Animal Feeding Operation  Feeding livestock grain in a confined place o Only 2% of adults are farmers: “Farm Bills” are deemed unimportant to the general public, but if we called them “Food Bills” they’d gain more recognition o 1) Sugar:  Most that we consume is hidden bc in processed foods  Low-fat foods compensated with more sugar (doubles)  We intake a lot of our sugar through high fructose corn syrup  80% of our processed foods have sugar added into them WHO (World Health Organization) said 5 tsp./ day is healthy; the Big Food Industry threatened them because the study compromised their economic gain o Big Food Industry lobbying effort o 2) CAFO’s  Big Grain (grains led by corn (feed grains) are the largest commodities that receive subsidies) ▯ Thursday 4/21 CAFOs’ continued: o Invisible to us bc they’re in rural/ economically disadvantaged areas  Due to bad odor/ dust- impacts air quality and health  65% of animal waste is produced here  50% of our food animals are raised here  sheer volume gives unique obstacles :  Environmental impacts-  methane (cow farts causes the odor) impacts climate  fecal matter  Animal welfare-  stressed animals get sick routine antibiotics  results in antibiotic resistance  3) GMO’s o consumers concerned w/ biotechnology that takes genes from 1 species and put them into an unrelated species; Genetically Modified Organism o 88% of the corn crop; 94% soy crop are GMO o GMO video-  unless labeled organic, most products are gmo  more than 60% think “natural” means non-gmo (contained high %)  the most reliable labels say “organic” or non-gmo project verified o GMO seeds that are “Round-up ready”= withstand Round-up herbicides (glyphosate- recently labeled carcinogenic) o Monsanto- used to be in the herbicide businessDDT, Agent Orange, Bovine growth hormone; now in charge of the food system o Environmental impacts  WHO labeled it cancer-causing o Proprietary nature  You HAVE to buy the seed from Monsanto, and can be held liable if you haven’t purchased the seed (wind can blow it to your yard)  Big 6 companies over seeds/ pesticides/ herbicides:  Monsanto, BASF, Dow, Bayer, DuPont, Syngenta  Agribusiness profiting (have spent billions of $ to block labeling) o Should we label “GMO” included?  93% of Americans want GMO labels  Vermont was the 1 state to start labeling, Grocery Manufacturers filed a lawsuit  Legislatures tried to make it illegal to label products in different states  Focus is on accessing info and giving consumers the right to decided what agricultural products to support o 64 Countries there are significant restrictions or outright bans on genetically engineered foods; The U.S. and Canada don’t require labeling o food deserts= people don’t have a lot of access to fresh foods o food swamps= a lot of food, but it’s the worst food available o How to Start a Movement video  Guy begins dancing and other join in ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Study session: Friday 1-3 room 1081 ▯ Final exam- Thursday 4/28 9:15-10:30 over Weeks 12-14 ▯ ▯


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