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ANTH 320 Notes 4/19/16-4/21/16

by: Hadley Ashford

ANTH 320 Notes 4/19/16-4/21/16 ANTH 320

Marketplace > University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill > ANTH > ANTH 320 > ANTH 320 Notes 4 19 16 4 21 16
Hadley Ashford
GPA 3.776

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About this Document

These notes cover the Gudynas and Thomas Berry readings.
Anthropology of Development
R. Colloredo-Mansfeld
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 320 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by R. Colloredo-Mansfeld in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Development in ANTH at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.


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Date Created: 04/21/16
ANTH 320 Notes 4/19/16-4/21/16 4/19/16 - Difference between norms of equality, progress, and freedom in Black Radical Congress and market economists: o Discipline norms refer to/lens  Black Radical Congress: progress in form of social justice or minority rights  Market economists: progress in form of increased GDP or economic prosperity o Freedom guaranteed in Black Radical Congress, must work for freedom otherwise - Intentionality of Black Radical Congress and Grandmother’s University o Recognize problem and take action o Hold on to roots of why they are doing something o Keep working to always improve o Clear commitment - J.G. Speth uses data to show that as economic prosperity has increased since 1950, but happiness has stayed the same - Buen Vivir is alternative to development, not alternative development o Not just looking to tweak current development o Alternative development examples:  Sustainable development (Scott)  Clinical economics (Sachs)  Gender and development (Bhavani) o Alternatives to development examples:  Leaves development behind  Radical questioning of cultural roots that define development (question Western ideals) - Buen Vivir used as state development program: o Bolivian Constitution: Buen Vivir is moral compass of state action  Comes from indigenous community ideals  Unity, equality, dignity, reciprocity  Economic pluralism: different origins of wealth/success  Democratic action: policies come from participation of many different communities o Ecuadorian Constitution: Buen Vivir as set of rights  Rights to health, education, shelter, and food  Equal rights to civil and legal rights  Recognition of Nature’s rights  Strong state intervention  Reconstruction of social, political, economic, and environmental structures of state - Sumak kawsay: o Quingushpa: zig zag embroidery popular on Otovalo wedding shirts o Quingushpa rin: walk elegantly  When going from here to there, must go in zig zag way to avoid ruining other people’s crops/land  Must move in harmony with nature/community o Quingushpa rimay: speak elegantly  Approach confrontation in zig zag way to be polite  Avoid being blunt  Must speak in harmony with community o A beautiful/good/happy life or culture:  Prosperous fields, clean and present water, wild plants used for food and medicine  Respectful relationships  Crowded communities gathered for fiestas/festivals 4/21/16 - Thomas Berry= theologian - Thomas Berry interview: o Earth doesn’t exist for perfection of humans o NOT other way around o Humans must be intergral with Earth o 4 areas that have authority over humans:  Political-social  Educational  Economic  Religion o “Nature Deficit Disorder”: children don’t recognize their connection with nature, define themselves by manufactured institutions instead o Humans not the only beings that have rights  Rights come from simple existence o 3 rights of beings in existence:  Right to be  Rights to habitat  Right to fulfil role in greater community - What characteristics are distinctly/uniquely human: o Communication across different species and world o Moral code, motivation to help others/altruism o Value systems/currency, bartering systems/trading o Relationships o Culture/culture-sharing - Human morality: o Limited because only extends to other beings o Stems from desire to have relationships to others o Ability of comparison to others - Human nature: o Damage (pollution, destruction of habitats, etc.)  Damage vs. harm:  Time: harm is immediate and reversible, damage is long-term and irreversible  Intentionality: damage is unintentional, harm is intentional  Living vs. nonliving: damage done to nonliving things, harm can imply emotion o Human consciousness  Inquire about workings of universe o Strive for morality:  Crease need for moral order  Constantly looking for exceptions to moral codes to do evil o Grace: accept goodness of life - Relationship between human nature and development: o Great Works:  Transformation: attain previously unavailable existence  Past still relevant: can use history to inform present o Ecozoic period: characterized by “mutually enhancing human-Earth relations”  Contains Anthropocene (current time period/epoch)  Ecozoic as an era (millions of years) o Dana’s Age of Mind  Earth as single evolving unit  Mind/knowledge-centered movement of evolution  Progress as whole, not of individual parts


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