ANTH 320 Notes 4/19/16-4/21/16
ANTH 320 Notes 4/19/16-4/21/16 ANTH 320
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 320 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by R. Colloredo-Mansfeld in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Development in ANTH at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
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Date Created: 04/21/16
ANTH 320 Notes 4/19/16-4/21/16 4/19/16 - Difference between norms of equality, progress, and freedom in Black Radical Congress and market economists: o Discipline norms refer to/lens Black Radical Congress: progress in form of social justice or minority rights Market economists: progress in form of increased GDP or economic prosperity o Freedom guaranteed in Black Radical Congress, must work for freedom otherwise - Intentionality of Black Radical Congress and Grandmother’s University o Recognize problem and take action o Hold on to roots of why they are doing something o Keep working to always improve o Clear commitment - J.G. Speth uses data to show that as economic prosperity has increased since 1950, but happiness has stayed the same - Buen Vivir is alternative to development, not alternative development o Not just looking to tweak current development o Alternative development examples: Sustainable development (Scott) Clinical economics (Sachs) Gender and development (Bhavani) o Alternatives to development examples: Leaves development behind Radical questioning of cultural roots that define development (question Western ideals) - Buen Vivir used as state development program: o Bolivian Constitution: Buen Vivir is moral compass of state action Comes from indigenous community ideals Unity, equality, dignity, reciprocity Economic pluralism: different origins of wealth/success Democratic action: policies come from participation of many different communities o Ecuadorian Constitution: Buen Vivir as set of rights Rights to health, education, shelter, and food Equal rights to civil and legal rights Recognition of Nature’s rights Strong state intervention Reconstruction of social, political, economic, and environmental structures of state - Sumak kawsay: o Quingushpa: zig zag embroidery popular on Otovalo wedding shirts o Quingushpa rin: walk elegantly When going from here to there, must go in zig zag way to avoid ruining other people’s crops/land Must move in harmony with nature/community o Quingushpa rimay: speak elegantly Approach confrontation in zig zag way to be polite Avoid being blunt Must speak in harmony with community o A beautiful/good/happy life or culture: Prosperous fields, clean and present water, wild plants used for food and medicine Respectful relationships Crowded communities gathered for fiestas/festivals 4/21/16 - Thomas Berry= theologian - Thomas Berry interview: o Earth doesn’t exist for perfection of humans o NOT other way around o Humans must be intergral with Earth o 4 areas that have authority over humans: Political-social Educational Economic Religion o “Nature Deficit Disorder”: children don’t recognize their connection with nature, define themselves by manufactured institutions instead o Humans not the only beings that have rights Rights come from simple existence o 3 rights of beings in existence: Right to be Rights to habitat Right to fulfil role in greater community - What characteristics are distinctly/uniquely human: o Communication across different species and world o Moral code, motivation to help others/altruism o Value systems/currency, bartering systems/trading o Relationships o Culture/culture-sharing - Human morality: o Limited because only extends to other beings o Stems from desire to have relationships to others o Ability of comparison to others - Human nature: o Damage (pollution, destruction of habitats, etc.) Damage vs. harm: Time: harm is immediate and reversible, damage is long-term and irreversible Intentionality: damage is unintentional, harm is intentional Living vs. nonliving: damage done to nonliving things, harm can imply emotion o Human consciousness Inquire about workings of universe o Strive for morality: Crease need for moral order Constantly looking for exceptions to moral codes to do evil o Grace: accept goodness of life - Relationship between human nature and development: o Great Works: Transformation: attain previously unavailable existence Past still relevant: can use history to inform present o Ecozoic period: characterized by “mutually enhancing human-Earth relations” Contains Anthropocene (current time period/epoch) Ecozoic as an era (millions of years) o Dana’s Age of Mind Earth as single evolving unit Mind/knowledge-centered movement of evolution Progress as whole, not of individual parts
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