Popular in Western Civilization Since 1648
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Saturday February 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 102 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Charles Clark in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 239 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization Since 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/21/15
HY 102 Lecture Notes Thursday February 19 2015 The Industrial Revolution 0 The mechanization of production why Britain 0 An agricultural revolution 0 Strong transport Agriculture to industry Inside and outside of Britain Canals and rivers inside border Most uni ed free trade zone 0 Lack of internal barriers Tariff tolls etc More barriers higher the price 0 Strong nancial system Banks are well respected Investment banking 0 Relative peace Wars of 18th century were not fought in England Converging technologies 0 1760 0 Cotton steam iron and rails Cotton 0 Production jumps 0 Water frame 0 Greater demand of cotton Steam 0 James Watt 0 Powered engines 0 Problem was burning impurities away to get the strong metal 0 Need strong and hot re CharcoaI is the problem Discovery what you can do to coal what you can to wood Rails 0 George Stephenson Created jobs for raiIroad construction 0 Costs less to transport 0 Ef cient enough for land transport to be cheaper than water transport 0 The consequences of industrialization o The rise of the factory Putting out system 0 Powered Ioom HY 102 Lecture Notes 0 Spin thread into cloth send it out to homes and it is it sent back Ef ciency 0 Farms work in seasonal rhythm daytoday on a solar rhythm Work starts at a precise time and all machines must be on at once Concentrate production 0 Urbanization and its discontents Factories subdivide time neatly Factories create new cities Manchester 0 1850 0 300000 people Conditions 0 Housing 0 Goes up without oversight Very bad 0 Engels o The rise of the middle class Do not have to work for someone else for wages Independent income 0 Factory owning class Make home separate from work 0 On fringe of city unlike workers 0 suburbs 0 Gender and the separate spheres o Toward a consumer society Key Words 0 Richard Arkwright 0 Water frame 4 spindles at once Powered by water Cotton 0 Eli Whitney 0 Cotton gin Cotton gin 0 Processing of cotton 0 James Watt 0 Condenser part of steam engine 0 George Stephenson 0 Rails 0 Out steam engine together with rails 0 Steam locomotive David Ricardo 0 Iron ball wages HY 102 Lecture Notes 0 When there are more workers than there are jobs wages will sink to lowest possible level to keep workers alive 0 Workers have no bargaining power 0 Frederick Engels 0 German 0 Father is factory owner in Manchester 0 1845 Condition of working class in England 0 The Condition of the Working Class in England 1845 o Accuses factory owner of murder by ignoring conditions of workers 0 Conditions are so bad owners are effectively killing workers 0 Frederick Engels Luddites 0 Smash power machines in factories o Protesting by violence Only way to use their voice
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