PSY/CLDP 3362: WEEK of 4-19
PSY/CLDP 3362: WEEK of 4-19 CLDP 3362.001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kimberly Notetaker on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLDP 3362.001 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Meridith Grant in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 04/21/16
MORE THEORIES… Competent Infant Perspective (suggesting that there’s domains of language) - Main Criticism: really underspecified; only a way of organizing the information Neuroconstructivism: Explains mechanisms of change by considering biological constraints on neural activation patterns that impact biological - (Ex: attachment styles with serotonin in utero; neurological marker for schizophrenia) Connectionism: Computational modeling of learning via “neural networks”. Provide “input” to units of a network and each unit yields output – a numerical function. - Limitation: what we as researchers put into the computer system might be very different from what children grasp The Job Theories Face Old and new models Account for interaction between environment and biological constraints Recognize MANY learning mechanisms Cognitive neuroscience important but needs to connect to behavior/development Bringing it all together: 1. Are some capabilities innate? YES! But more often than not, nature and nurture are extremely intertwined Ex: Language (universal to specific), analog numbering representation (children have an approximate number sense that seems to potentially increase mathematical abilities) 2. Does development progress through stages? More often than not, it’s continuous 3. How does change occur? Lots of ways! o Biological changes o Habituation and conditioning (children to prefer to look at something slightly different) o Social learning (Vgotsky) o Information-processing mechanisms (as something becomes more automatic, it becomes easier for us to do something else as well) o Domain-specific learning mechanisms (the whole object concept) 4. How do changed in brain contribute to cognitive development? Development of prefrontal cortex more sophisticated thinking, planning, and metacognition Brain plasticity 5. How does the social world contribute to cognitive development? Social interaction and culture impact how children think 6. How do individuals differ? Figure out general developmental trends before being able to understand individual differences! Development is an ACTIVE exploratory process (idea of executive functioning skills and that they can be learned); self-regulation and executive function skills are linked to many other things beyond intelligence Why do we care about cognitive development? - Effects all of us - Enriches our understanding of adult cognition - Helps educators design programs - Informs treatment of developmental disorders - Helps parents understand their children More General Take Away: Appreciation of research design and methodology (e.g., implicit/explicit measures) Healthy dose of skepticism Concrete ideas about things caregivers can do to encourage healthy development Appreciation of children Exam 3 - Intelligence - Academic Skills - Theories - Wrap up – Big questions in Cognitive Development **1 question
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