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Source Review, how to write an essay, Week 4

by: David Notetaker

Source Review, how to write an essay, Week 4 Hist 191

Marketplace > University of California - Los Angeles > History > Hist 191 > Source Review how to write an essay Week 4
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About this Document

Notes on how to write a research paper
Medieval Encounters of the Third Kind
Dr. Markman
Class Notes
history, research, researchpaper, medieval, source, sourcereview
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by David Notetaker on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 191 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Dr. Markman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Medieval Encounters of the Third Kind in History at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 04/21/16
Source Review • When you use a secondary source, you can mention the topic and say you will be doing the same thing ◦ Related to the beginning of your paper or in the beginning of the  paragraph to relate it ◦ If they don’t relate to your book directly you can look at them  comparatively ◦ Find 4 sources for this week ◦ use bibliographic note format not author date ◦ if using a source after 16th century source use a textbook for historical background/analysis • To have an original thesis, you must have an original conclusion ◦ example topic­ religious rituals + dress/appearance ◦ Intro­ Pd was commissioned to write in defense of TO ▪ Thesis­By showing x,y,z in this way, PD defends the order ▪ X ▪ Y ▪ Z ▪ in bold=original argument ▪ Conc­ Pd’s presentation of pagan customs was intended to  defend TO ▪ Inference­ what does this tell us about society more broadly? ◦ Process of getting from thesis to conclusion is what makes paper  original ◦ Good thesis demonstrates connectivity ◦ cannot form an argument until you logically connect the argument to  the thesis • Authors and possible biases ◦ Franciscan missionaries­ Missionary order who gave up  material possessions and depended upon donations of people who  they met, responsible for converting a lot of Asia into christianity,  preached love and humility (William Rubruck) ◦ Marco Polo was a merchant from venice, a town in fierce competition  with Constantinople and Genoa ◦ Mandeville was a knight not a crusader though, more of a passive  knight • audience important because writing may appeal to a particular people ◦ Rubruck is writing to a king, an educated reader, also wanting to  know about whether or not the mongols are prepared to attack ◦ Marco Polo is not even writing, his cellmate is writing after he was  captured by Genoa, bias of Marco Polo and his cellmate, audience is  European people ◦ Mandeville also a general European audience • Important for your own paper because include into introduction • In class group work ◦ Intro ◦ Thesis­ ▪ X­Rituals and celebrations ▪ Marco Polo­criticism of belief that fauna have a soul ▪ John Mandeville­ criticizing belief that idol can foretell  future, criticism burial­how suffering is relieved,  criticizing communion especially for sick ▪ William Rubruck­ Criticized rituals that led to vice ▪ Y­ Gender relations ▪ John Mandeville­ There may seem to be admirable  amazon qualities that invert the male idea and animosity  toward men, criticizes deceit of women, appalled at  obstacles men must go through ▪ Marco Polo­ entitles lustful nature of easterner inversion  of western sexual practices ­ pleasure is good, desire /lust ­ vices/virtues ▪ William­ Criticizes polygamy, commodification of  marriage, son marries takes wives ▪ Z ◦ Conclusion­ westerners viewed western civ as superior to eastern civ ◦ Inference­ What does this tell us about Western Culture ▪ Importance of burial­ proper burial ▪ Only humans have souls ▪ God+Free will determines life/death ▪ idol worship does not equal veneration ▪ no assisted suicide; no suicide ▪ care for the sick ▪ there are people who have similar religious practices but  erroneous/ ignorant ▪ the problem with education is obstinacy/ignorant ▪ rituals should have proper purpose ▪ rituals should be designed with purpose in mind, end=means ▪ women/men have separate roles ▪ good/admirable women do not take on male qualities ▪ women should stay in their social place ▪ relations are not pleasure but procreation ▪ women should control their sexuality ▪ marriage is between 2 people ▪ monogamy ▪ wife is not a commodity but a partner not transferable, sellable ▪ tendency of women to be deceitful, harm men ▪ men rational because they learn circumvent obstacles ◦ William of Rubric inference ▪ all rituals­ religious or marriage should have a virtuous purpose  but Mongol society lacks moderation/ focused on  property/pleasure ◦ Marco Polo inference ▪ Other peoples have similar customs ­ marriage/burial ­ however they go about it in the wrong way ◦ John Mandeville inference ▪ Like Marco Polo, Mandeville suggests while Easterners on the  surface may seem good, they are actually devious and tricked  by their idols into false belief/ devious idols ◦ All three of these are section sentences ◦ Thesis combines the three section sentences ◦ European views/ interests in medieval Europe ▪ attempt at objectivity ▪ value observation/learn ▪ value knowledge ▪ curiosity about world­ ▪ readers ▪ need for resources ▪ desire for wealth ▪ clear construct of what is valuable ▪ ethnographic interest ▪ mitigated by cultural/ social categories = interest in  difference rather than unique aspect ▪ paradise ▪ religion ▪ can they be baptized? spread ▪ what is civilization? ▪ social relationships/ proper services ▪ reason based society ▪ world ordered ▪ Christian centric view ▪ concentric world ▪ tripartites world ▪ dualistic view


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