New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 12 Notes

by: Raven Hamilton

Chapter 12 Notes ASTR-1010-01

Raven Hamilton
Clayton State
GPA 3.73

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from the discussion of asteroids, comets, and dwarf planets.
Solar System Astronomy
Bram Boroson
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Solar System Astronomy

Popular in Art

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raven Hamilton on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASTR-1010-01 at Clayton State University taught by Bram Boroson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Solar System Astronomy in Art at Clayton State University.

Similar to ASTR-1010-01 at Clayton State


Reviews for Chapter 12 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/21/16
Chapter 12 Notes  Asteroids on average are thousands of kilometers apart in the asteroid belt.  Asteroids are important to observe because of their potential to destroy life on Earth.  NASA has a list of asteroids that they observe on a regular basis to keep track of their  orbit and distance from the Earth.  Trojan asteroids are 1 to 1 resonance with Jupiter’s orbit. They are either 60 degrees  ahead or behind Jupiter.  There are special points in space and in orbits where gravity is especially stable.  Meteor­ light trail left by a meteorite.  Meteorite types: primitive and processed. Primitive meteorites formed 4.6 billion years  ago and are unchanged in composition. Processed meteorites are younger and have  experienced processes like volcanism and differentiation.  The difference between meteors and comets is that meteors enter the Earth’s atmosphere  and streak by in less than a second. Whereas, comets are moving objects out in space.  Comet­ chunk of ice and dirt, like a snowball. Tail only forms when the comet is near the  Sun and the Sun heats it up and melt the ice.  Most of the time comets are far away from the Sun. Some comets come to close to the  Sun and end up getting vaporized.  Tempel 1­ July 4  2005, mission to study the contents of the nucleus of a comet.  Comet 67P­ comet the size of the city of Los Angeles.  A large terrestrial planet never formed within the asteroid belt because Jupiter prevented  one from accreting.  Jupiter nudges the asteroids through the influence of orbital resonances.  A grain of sand or a small pebble is the size of an object that causes a typical shooting  star.  Comets­ most are located within the Kuiper belt or Oort cloud, visible in the sky as a  fuzzy patch of light that rises and sets with the stars, forms a coma when near the Sun.  Meteors­ dust particles entering Earth’s atmosphere at high speeds, visible in the sky as a  bright streak of light for only a few seconds.  Asteroids­ typically orbit the Sun at approximately 3 AU, compositions similar to that of  terrestrial planets.  There are two tails of a comet; a dust tail and a plasma tail  Plasma tail­ pushed out by the solar wind (particles pushed out by the Sun), gas escaping  from coma.  Dust tail­ pushed out by photons.  Coma­ the bright spherical part of a comet observed when it is close to the Sun.  A comet’s plasma tail stretches directly away from the Sun.  Nucleus­ frozen portion of a comet.  Particles ejected from a comet can cause a meteor shower on Earth.  Kuiper belt­ extends from bout beyond the orbit of Neptune to about twice the distance of Neptune from the Sun.  Every million years a 1­ kilometer object strikes Earth.  Oort cloud­ contains about a trillion comets, comet orbits have random tilts and  eccentricities, and extends out to about 50,000 AU.  Kuiper belt­ contains about 100,000 comets more than 100 km across, extends from  about 30­50 AU, and comets orbit in the same plane and direction as the planets. 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.