Week 2 Developmental Psychology
Week 2 Developmental Psychology PSY-P 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Veronica Bone on Sunday February 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY-P 102 at Indiana University taught by Irene Vlachos-Weber in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 228 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology 2 in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 02/22/15
Developmental Psychology Week 2 Infant a Physical development i differential proportions 1 a baby s head is M of its whole body while as an adult your head is 18th ofyourbody ii reflexes automatic responses to an event at birth 1 for ex if it is really dark your pupil will get bigger to let in more light 2 We have some reflexes as an infant that don t carry on to adulthood a Rooting when cheek is touched a infant will turn to suck on object b Bibinski stroke a babies foot and their toes will curl in and then spraw out i Our feet would do the opposite because our nervous system is mature c Steping reflex precursor to walking i Why would that reflex return 1 In water because they are more weightless so their fat to weight ratio is off d Moro reflex when a baby is startled or feel like they will fall arms sprawl out and then are brought back in iii control progresses down amp out head down and core out 1 gross motor skills walking come before fine motor skills drawling 2 parent education is important to know the normative expectations for their children what they can control or not b Sensory development i Measurement 1 Habituation stimulus becomes familiar no longer elicits a response for example if you have a highway by your house the noise you will get used to and not realize a Measure by looking time pointing and preference test i Preference test at least 2 things ii Sight 1 What do babies see a Newborns see 8 10 inches in front of them i So they get attached to their parents b By 6 months they have as good vision as an adult 2 Perception a Depth perception when you start moving you will need this infants that get moved and carried everywhere don t need this yet need this for walking and stairs so you don t run into things Developmental Psychology Week 2 i Visual cliff a pattern where the infant is then a glass surface above the same pattern a few feet down giving the image of a drop 1 At about 8 months infants will not cross the cliff 2 Animals are born with depth perception because they need it human don t need it so don t have depth perception right away b Color perception 4 months before 4 months prefer black and white i Distinguish primary colors ii Prefer brights v pastels 3 Form perception a Prefer human faces novel patternsgtgt plain color b Why face quotprewired i Promotes attachment ii By 3 months prefer unscrambled likes the contrast iii Hearing 1 test of sucks increasing sucks more they prefer the voice moms voice specifically a prefer mom s voicegt human voices female over male voices love children voices as wellgt music i quotmotherese automatically have a higher pitched voices when talking to a baby b Make c Sensitive period i A period of time that it is easier to learn a new language when you are younger ii Phoneme sounds infants can hear and learn while adults can t so it is easier for them to learn a language iii Test for this 1 Baby sits on mothers lap mother has headphones in so they don t react sound changes and then there is a pause for the participate to react 2 Baby listens for these sounds phonemes when it changes the toys light up If the baby looks in the direction of the toys when the sound changes that means they can hear it 3 The 1 year old can t hear the difference in sounds because the 1 year old only looks over when the toys turn on Developmental Psychology Week 2 iv Don t need it anymore so lose the ability quotdon t use it you lose it frontal lobe is growing synapses are pruned so that ability is lost c Social Emotional development i 2 fears 1 stranger anxiety negative response to unfamiliar adult 8 months a more people you expose your child to the less that they will experience this i childcare lots of family friends and family 2 separation anxiety distressed behavior when primary caretaker leaves 6 months 2 years 3 separation anxiety disorder is with older children who get anxious about being separated from caretakers bc worried something bad will happen and will be separated forever ii Attachment strong enduring bond that develops bw infant and primary caretaker 1 a acquired over time up to 3 months to become attached a adaptive so they don t just become attached to the first person they see bc the person that births them may not raise them 2 strange situation task 0 14 months old so will have separation anxiety and stranger anxiety a How will she react when a stranger enters the room i The stranger has all of the babies attention when she first comes in she avoids the stranger b How will she react when mom leaves i The baby follows the mom crys and is distressed when mom leaves c How will she react when mom returns reunion most important i She is calmed and stops crying o Securely attached 0 Mom secure base to explore 0 Positive when mom returns 0 Different based on culture if the baby grew up with childcare for instance 3 Institutionalized infant studies 4 important HOW not WHO a care consistent same people b care continuous needs are getting met 5 Daycare Developmental Psychology Week 2 1 Just as attached as those at home 2important factor quality continuous consistent 3pros social cognitive development gives kids a head start 4cons higher aggression not enough good care don t pay daycare workers enough HCthhood A Social amp Emotional Development 1 Gender Identity aware accept being male or female i When should you encourage child to discover what they are Wait until older or younger What you identify with a By 2 know difference own gender b By 6 know gender is stable consistent 2 Gender Role culturally determined appropriate behaviors of female vs male a Sex stereotyped behaviors o By 2 sexstereotype behavior 0 35 years old is the most stereotypical 0 Nature vs nurture A cultural exposure 0 Watching parents follow through gender roles o Commercials 0 Peers and exposure 1 girls wear pink play with baby dolls Barbie dolls Polly pocket houseschoolkitchen dressup ect 2 boys wear blue play with legos playstation pokemon figting games ect b why sex differneces 1 Biology a Males more active more physical aggression b Girls more responsive talked more relational aggression 2 Environment a Imitation parents peers and media b Reinforcement i Boys praised more punished more ii Much more tolerant of girls acting like guys than guys acting like girls Developmental Psychology Week 2
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