Age of Decolonization
Age of Decolonization hist 1112
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shaynah Hilaire on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 1112 at Georgia State University taught by Bryan Banks in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Sur of World Hist Since 1500 in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 04/21/16
Age of Decolonization & the Civil Questions: What caused wide spread decolonization and how did it occur? o War-time realities, global, economic depression, and nationalism caused decolonization to occur. o Decolonization followed two paths: negotiated independence or violent decolonization What was/is the Civil Rights Revolution? o Increasing access to education and war-time inspired rights led to the Civil Rights Revolution. Divisions based on gender, race, class, and sexuality were challenged by those marginalized. Arguably, this Civil Rights Revolution is still going on. Economy o Global Depression Europeans blamed for famine Weak bureaucracies Taxed for war War o Shortage of colonizers during WW1 & WW2 necessitated a degree of colonized autonomy Trained soldiers Greater role in bureaucracy/government o Diplomatic policies Atlantic charter, 1941 (IOU) Rights to self-determination Promise to revisit after the war is over Nationalism o Nationalist Uprisings o Defined as: Colonized vs. Colonizer Internal divisions Racial/ religious categories Two patterns: o Negotiated independence (India) o Violent, forced decolonization (Algeria) India o Indian National Congress founded in 1888 Elite, not universal o Militant Nationalists B.G. Tilak Violent, Hindu supporters Boycott British goods o Self-rule o Mohanda Gandhi (1869-1948) Western educated Boycotts & civil, peaceful resistance Home spun Salt March, 1930 Iodized Salt Government of India Act, 1935 Greater autonomy o Indian Independence, 1947 Partition between Pakistan and India Muhammed Ali Jinnah (Muslim League) 1 million died, 12 million relocated Gandhi fasted for non- violence o Assassinated Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister Algeria o FLN Appeal of Pan-Arab Nationalism Large French Settler Population 1954-1964 FLN vs France War Algeria as “department of France” Urban, guerilla warfare 300,000 lives lost Civil Rights Revolution o Decolonization o Greater access to education o Demographic effects of war o Women st 1 wave: Suffrage Emmeline Pankhurst 2ndwave: Rights to the Body/Gender Equality Betty Friedan 3rwave: Gender beyond racial/sexual categories o African Americans/Africans Civil Rights Movement MLK Jr. Malcolm X Apartheid (1948-1994) Nelson Mandela o Class/Caste: The rise of the untouchables Constitution of india, 1949 o The civil rights revolution continues
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